Kathleen Garrett and forced electroshock in St. Louis

This website has been threatened with for bringing you the story of Kathleen Garrett.


Kathleen Garrett and her son Steve Vance of St. Louis. (Photo by ect.org)

This is the face of forced electroshock.

Only days before this photo was taken, Kathleen Garrett, 67*, of St. Louis, Missouri, was being treated with ECT (electroconvulsive therapy, also known as electroshock) against her will.

Does forced electroshock happen in America? YOU BET IT DOES!

And this is the most common target: a woman over the age of 65. Kathleen Garrett is widowed, age 67, and a retired humanitarian in her own right (worked many years running a Salvation Army Hotel, doing her best to brighten the lives of the residents).

She could be anyone’s mother. She is Steve Vance’s mother, and he stood up to the powers and said NO to forcibly shocking his mother. After all, it was a promise he had made her many years ago….

Learn more about Kathleen’s story and the role that Tenet Healthcare Corporation played. Learn more about forced treatment.

If it could happen to Kathleen Garrett, it could happen to your mother…or to you.

Kathleen Garrett’s story (the full story)
Facts in a Flash (quick facts about the case, will open a new, smaller window)
Some court documents . These includes the petitions, hearing notices, minutes of the hearings and so on.

The court transcripts are now online!

The original Dendrite (news release from Support Coalition International) sent out to inform people of her plight.

Second Dendrite announcing VICTORY FOR KATHLEEN!

All about Tenet Healthcare Corporation, formerly National Medical Enterprises, convicted of the largest insurance fraud case in the history of the United States.

Kathleen has been astounded and moved by the outpouring of public compassion for her plight. Leave a message of support for Kathleen, voice your feelings about Tenet Healthcare, or just stop in and say hi! (word of warning: if you say anything about Tenet Healthcare that isn’t full of praise, I advise you NOT to use your real name or email address. They’re kind of grumped up lately.)

ect.org threatened with SLAPP!!!

(Strategic Lawsuit Against Public Participation)

Tenet Healthcare Corporation, via their attorneys at Bryan Cave, have threatened me with a lawsuit! You can read a copy of the actual letter here.
My response
Their response

Want to help? Help spread this information around the net!

* Kathleen Garrett turned 67 in September (2000). She received numerous cards from supporters around the world (the concern from the good folks at Tenet must have been lost in the mail), which cheered her up quite a bit! Thank you to those of you who participated in the card shower!!!

DesPeres Hospital backs down on Kathleen Garrett forced shock!


Hospital backs down on forced electroshock. Read the Dendrite news release.

Celebration march to be held Friday, Aug. 25, 2000 at noon, near DesPeres Hospital. 2345 Dougherty Ferry, just off I-270. Click here for map.


St. Louis woman in the midst of forced shock!
Kathleen Garrett, 66, of St. Louis, told her doctor she didn’t want shock treatments. She told her son the same, and signed over a power of attorney, thinking he would be able to help. And years earlier, after having already endured shock treatments that wiped out her memory, she told her son to promise he would never let them shock her again.

Steve Vance has tried everything he could to fulfill that promise to his mother, including hiring an attorney and fighting. Mrs. Garrett’s doctor, Ricky Mofsen, insisted that she have the treatments and took it to court. And he won, despite the judge hearing from both Mrs. Garrett and her son, and despite ruling that she was competent.

On Monday, August 21, 2000, Kathleen Garrett had a shock treatment. On Wednesday, she had another. She has repeatedly told the doctor, the nurses and her son that she wants them to stop.

Shortly after the second treatment, a nurse informed her son that she would need 10 to 12 more.

Originally, Mrs. Garrett was hospitalized at Southpoint Hospital in St. Louis. When the shock machine malfunctioned, however, Dr. Mosfen transferred her to Des Peres Hospital. Thanks to an investigation by a Support Coalition member, it has been revealed that Des Peres is owned by Tenant Health Care, formerly National Medical Enterprises (NME).

NME was convicted in the largest case of fraud, bribery and conspiracy in U.S history on June 28, 1994. In addition to the record $379 million fine, they are enjoined from owning or operating psychiatric or rehab hospitals. This does not enjoin them from owning general hospitals that provide psych services.

NME is once again preying on the elderly. It was the obvious intention of Judge Kendall to deprive National Medical of the capacity to use forced treatment when he accepted NME’s guilty plea in Dallas on June 28, 1994. Today, unlike June of 1994, there are no indicted famous former football players in the county jail, to divert public attention from Jeffrey Barbakow’s corporate crimes.

Read the Dendrite from Support Coalition International. This news release has several ways YOU can get involved and help Mrs. Garrett. Help spread the word! Copy the Dendrite to your friends and colleagues and let’s GET INVOLVED!
Read some of the news stories about NME’s exploits.

Owner admits kickbacks: One of the nation’s largest psychiatric hospital chains yesterday pleaded guilty to kickback and health care fraud charges and agreed to pay a record $379 million in penalties for illegal conduct in hospitals in New Jersey and 29 other states.

Medical firm to plead guilty: A division of National Medical Enterprises will plead guilty to charges of Medicare fraud and conspiracy and pay a record fine of $362.7 million to settle a sweeping federal investigation, company officials said Tuesday.

Ex-psychiatric exec pleads guilty: A former Dallas hospital executive confessed Monday that he bought patients with at least $20 million in bribes to referring physicians and other health care professionals.

61 sue NME: Sixty-one plaintiffs sued National Medical Enterprises Inc. on Monday, alleging that they were “lured or forced” to its psychiatric treatment centers as part of a fraudulent scheme.

American health care. Mishap in the operating theatre: From the Economist (UK), an informative article about the economics of the health care business. Included is a paragraph about Tenet, formerly known as NME.

Under scrutiny; Tenet legal woes multiply with kickback probe

Tenet Healthcare Corp.’s Medicare outlier payments are investigated

Modern Healthcare
Galloro, Vince

Much attention has been paid to the investigations of Tenet Healthcare Corp.’s Medicare outlier payments and the allegations that two physicians at its Redding (Calif.) Medical Center performed medically unnecessary procedures and then falsely billed the government for them. But last week provided a reminder that the Santa Barbara, Calif., company also has other federal investigations to worry about-ones that involve laws with penalties that can be just as severe as those the company may eventually face in the Redding situation, lawyers said.

Tenet said last week that the U.S. attorney’s office in Los Angeles served its corporate office and Tenet subsidiaries that own seven Southern California hospitals with subpoenas seeking documents related to physician relocation agreements since 1995. The administrative subpoenas also demanded summary information about physician relocation agreements related to all of its hospitals.

Also last week, a federal grand jury issued a 17-count indictment against subsidiary Tenet HealthSystem Hospitals and its 311-bed Alvarado Hospital Medical Center, San Diego, alleging the two paid more than $10 million in physician relocation agreements from 1992 to 2002. Each count carries a maximum penalty of five years imprisonment and a $25,000 fine. Alvarado’s chief executive officer, Barry Weinbaum, has been indicted on criminal charges that he authorized the kickback payments to physicians who relocated to the area. Weinbaum denies the charges, Tenet said.

The company already is the subject of a host of other investigations regarding its Medicare outlier payments from 1999 to 2002. On Jan. 1, 2003, Tenet adopted a new outlier policy that severely restricted its payments. Tenet also faces another investigation into its agreements with physicians and a trial in a whistleblower lawsuit alleging violations related to its purchases of physician practices in the mid-1990s.

In general, Tenet said it believes its corporate policy on physician relocation agreements “is entirely appropriate under the law.” The policy was adopted in 1996, Tenet said. Of the 42,000 physicians who have admitting privileges at Tenet’s 114 hospitals, the company said, less than 2.5% are still covered by relocation agreements and about 1% of the total have current income guarantees.

The Alvarado case falls under the federal antikickback law, a felony criminal statute, said Debbi Johnstone, a partner in the healthcare section at the Houston office of the law firm Vinson & Elkins. Besides automatic exclusion from federal health programs, Johnstone said, criminal convictions under the law carry prison terms of up to five years and criminal fines of up to $25,000. Convictions also can bring civil monetary penalties of up to $50,000 per violation plus three times the amount of the kickbacks, she said.

The so-called Stark law, a civil statute covering some of the same ground as the antikickback law but focusing on physician ownership of facilities to which they refer, authorizes civil monetary penalties of $15,000 for each improper claim plus three times the amount of kickbacks, Johnstone said. Exclusion is not automatic, but it can be a result of losing a case under the Stark law.

By comparison, federal False Claims Act cases carry civil penalties of $5,500 to $11,000 per claim plus three times the amount of the false claims. If a False Claims Act case is pursued in the Redding investigation, Tenet could face liability, even though the company has noted repeatedly that the two physicians were not employed by the hospital. As a general legal theory, said Joseph Savage, a defense attorney representing healthcare providers with Testa, Hurwitz & Thibeault in Boston, if a worker commits a civil violation or a crime in the course of his employment, the company can be held liable. The False Claims Act is no exception.

Johnstone said she could only speculate, but she guessed the investigations updated last week focus on recruiting physicians to existing practices, especially if prosecutors can establish that the recruited physicians already had patients in their new markets. Such “in-town recruiting,” she added, “can be viewed as really nothing more than paying for (patient) referrals.”

Physician recruitment has not historically been of much interest to either HHS’ inspector general’s office or U.S. attorneys, Johnstone said. “It’s been one of the last areas to focus on, because it’s been my experience that hospital folks have handled recruiting properly,” she said.

So far, the stepped-up scrutiny of Tenet’s physician agreements does not seem to be registering with physicians, said Mark Smith, executive vice president of Merritt, Hawkins & Associates, a physician-recruitment firm in Irving, Texas. “As this continues to escalate, I think it’s inevitable that it will draw more attention,” Smith said.

Tenet’s reputation with doctors is solid, Smith added. The company is known for offering competitive financial agreements, “without being excessive, as far as we’ve seen,” Smith said. As is common in the healthcare industry, Tenet negotiates directly with the physician once Merritt, Hawkins has found an interested candidate, Smith said, so the firm never sees the actual agreements. “From what I understand, the (agreements) are similar to other clients,” he said. Tenet makes use of standard provisions such as income guarantees at the outset of the contract and forgiveness of loans or other relocation subsidies provided to the physician, he said.

Tenet also faces an investigation of some of its physician agreements by the inspector general’s office. The inspector general issued a civil subpoena in April seeking records related to agreements between five Tenet hospitals and Women’s Cancer Center, a specialty physician practice based in Los Gatos, Calif., and 10 of its doctors, Tenet said. Three of the hospitals cited in the subpoena are located in Northern California. One is in Southern California, the shuttered St. Luke Medical Center in Pasadena. The fifth hospital is Lake Mead Hospital Medical Center, North Las Vegas, Nev., which is on Tenet’s list of 14 hospitals slated for sale or closure.

In another case, Tenet faces an Oct. 14 trial on a whistleblower lawsuit that alleges the prices Tenet paid for some South Florida physician practices amounted to illegal kickbacks for patient referrals under both the Stark and federal antikickback laws. The U.S. Justice Department intervened in the Stark law allegations and also contends that Tenet’s 391-bed North Ridge Medical Center, Fort Lauderdale, Fla., filed false cost reports between 1993 and 1997, Tenet said in a recent securities filing.

Florida Physician Accuses Tenet Healthcare of Practicing ‘Wall Street Medicine’

Florida Physician Accuses Tenet Healthcare of Practicing ‘Wall Street Medicine’; Calls on Tenet Board to Remove Top Management And Improve Quality of Patient Care.

MIAMI — M. Lee Pearce, M.D., a Florida physician, shareholder activist and Chairman of the Tenet Shareholder Committee, today accused Tenet Healthcare’s top management of practicing “Wall Street Medicine,” at the expense of health care quality and patient safety in Tenet hospitals.

PR Newswire
December 9, 2002
Non-Management Members of Board of Directors
Tenet Healthcare Corporation

Representative Pete Stark called it “Deja vu All Over Again.”
Unfortunately for the patients in Tenet facilities, he is only half right.
While Tenet’s current scandals share many of the characteristics of the
Columbia/HCA fraud, as directors of Tenet Healthcare Corporation, you need
to understand that there are, at least, three big differences:

1) The HCA Board quickly removed Rick Scott in July 1997, a move that
began the cleansing process at HCA, a process that the Tenet Board has
failed to initiate;
2) Because of Tenet’s reliance, in part, upon the alleged over
utilization of cardiac surgical procedures and its focus on the bottom
line, too many Tenet patients are dying, or experiencing unnecessary
3) The Sarbanes-Oxley Act did not exist and, therefore, was not a
standard against which the conduct of Columbia/HCA could be measured.
How many of the 167 deaths of Medicare patients at Redding under the care
of Drs. Moon and Realyvasquez were avoidable?(1) The allegations,
respecting the Redding Medical Center and the infection problem at Palm
Beach Gardens clearly demonstrate, if true, systematic failure of quality
controls at some of Tenet’s hospitals. How many more Tenet hospitals are
putting their patients at risk? How many people must die before the Board
puts an end to the current culture of profits over quality patient care? I
have been a licensed physician for over 47 years, and I’m appalled at the
apparent systemic disregard for public safety.

How much legal exposure for compensatory and punitive damages, both
corporate and personal, are you willing to accept before you take charge?
How much longer will you embrace Wall Street Medicine and its spurious
earnings to the detriment of quality care?

Two years ago, we asked to meet with the Board to discuss very serious
governance and quality of care issues.(2) As a direct result of CEO
Jeffrey Barbakow’s cavalier attitude and refusal to let us meet with you
to discuss these issues, We felt we had an obligation to take the issues
to the shareholders and the public. In that effort, we learned a valuable
lesson. Even though virtually everyone that we talked to agreed with us
in principle, few would vote against Tenet’s management, or non-
management, Board members with a rapidly rising stock price. However, in
my speech at the October 2000 annual meeting, I said, ” … win or lose,
we intend to remain vigilant in holding Tenet’s directors accountable to
its shareholders on economic issues, on the delivery of quality health
care, on the iron clad prevention of fraud and abuse, and on dramatically
improved corporate governance.” I’ve attached a copy of my speech as
Exhibit C for your convenience.

Today the tide has changed. No longer will prudent investors already
skeptical and scarred by Tenet’s financial chicanery, which resulted in a
loss of $15 billion in market value in just 45 days, ignore the truth for
the sake of a share price temporarily propped up by an imprudent stock
repurchase plan and forward financial projections which exclude likely
Medicare claims of overpayments, fines, malpractice and shareholder
judgments and settlements which could be in the billions of dollars.
Tenet won’t get a quick, inexpensive pass on the allegations arising from
these latest scandals. Senator Charles E. Grassley’s recent refusal to
sign off on the HCA settlement 5 1/2 years after the charges were leveled
against HCA makes this unambiguously clear.(3)

Even though the tide has changed, let me make this very clear: We don’t
expect anything from Tenet Healthcare, except to be a catalyst for change.
We said at that annual meeting that we would be watching. We have watched.
This is what we have found.

In 2002 alone, the United States has extracted payments from Tenet
Healthcare on 3 occasions.(4) With CMS’s press release of December 3rd, it
is apparent that Tenet will once again be making a payment to the Medicare
system.(5) How many times must the company be fined before the Board
realizes that the problems are endemic and systemic? How many people must
unnecessarily die because cardiac physicians and surgeons are allegedly
performing medically unnecessary procedures, or because hospitals such as
Palm Beach Gardens, it has been alleged, are not properly cleaned and

If you conduct an investigation, independent from management, you will
probably find that these are not isolated incidents. The culture is
fundamentally flawed; as it provides too much incentive for physicians and
administrators to push profit goals over patient health. The biggest
difference between the era of Richard Eamer and the reign of Jeffrey
Barbakow is that you’ve allowed Mr. Barbakow to remain at the company;
despite either his complicity in the creation of the problems, or his
admitted ignorance of them.

Since the shareholder meeting in 2000, shareholders have seen their stock
value soar, then evaporate — while Mr. Barbakow took home $111 million in
stock option profits — profits built upon an unstable foundation of over
utilization of services and gaming Medicare. But Mr. Barbakow “didn’t
know,” or so he said again during the investor presentation on December 3,
2002. Remember the plaque on Harry Truman’s desk: “The Buck Stops Here”.
He didn’t know? The CEO of a $15 billion revenue company doesn’t know
that Tenet’s improved earnings were because the company nearly doubled its
prices at its California hospitals over a three-year period? You might
recall the chart book we produced two years ago when Mr. Barbakow and
several other directors were up for re-election (Exhibit F). This clearly
illustrated that Tenet had the worst financial performance of any publicly
traded hospital company.

During the middle of the proxy contest, results from the scheme,
implemented in FY 1999 according to management, to game Medicare,
miraculously appeared … miraculous results accelerated by gluttonous
outlier payments. On October 28, 2002 Ken Weekly published his UBS
Warburg report(6) which illuminated the damning evidence which showed
Tenet, a $15 billion revenue company is receiving 500% more in outlier
payments than its largest competitor, $20 billion a year HCA.

Now, after two years of smoke and mirrors and without the extraordinary
outlier payments, Mr. Barbakow admitted on December 3rd that the Company
continues to under-perform relative to its industry peers. In 2000 we
told you that Tenet was on a path of unsustainable growth. He didn’t
know? If he truly didn’t know, then such incompetence should neither be
embraced, nor rewarded. In this context, the recent article in Business
Week A Scandal Ridden Tenet Stands by its Man” is disturbing (Exhibit G).
We agree with Lynn Turner who stated in the article “If you have a CEO who
claims he doesn’t understand where his revenues and profits are coming
from, you need to change your CEO fast.”

If he did know, isn’t Tenet on the same slippery slope as Enron, Global
Crossing, WorldCom and Tyco? Does your CEO sound any more credible than
Ken Lay, Gary Winnick, Bernie Ebbers or Dennis Koslowski?

In all four cases, some fact was revealed and the CEO steadfastly told the
world that the company was not guilty, and that he “didn’t know.” In New
York, just after the UBS Warburg report clearly detailed the gaming of the
Medicare outlier payment system, Mr. Barbakow denied there was a problem.
The FBI raided a hospital. The Company waited nearly 24 hours to issue a
press release, and only after the raid became public on the Modern
Healthcare web site. It was reported this was done on the advice of
Tenet’s General Counsel. Still Mr. Barbakow saw no problem … this was
simply an isolated physician issue, he said. That first conference
call(7) was a masterpiece … slickly choreographed as if out of an MGM
movie. Then Mr. Barbakow sacrificed his two lieutenants(8), with the not
-so-subtle inference that it really was Mr. Mackey and Mr. Dennis that
caused the problems. Nevertheless, he maintained their and the company’s
innocence. If they did no wrong why were they purged? Was it to provide
Mr. Barbakow with the defense of plausible deniability?

The stock dropped precipitously as Mr. Barbakow tried to use his MGM magic
to convince analysts that Mr. Mackey and Mr. Dennis retired and resigned.
Wall Street saw through this ruse and now knows that the emperor has no
clothes. How long will it take the Board to figure this out?

When this is all done, we will see that the issue is NOT isolated to a
single hospital, NOT isolated to a couple of physicians, and that it IS
DIRECTLY related to a philosophy of Wall Street Medicine rather than a
focus on quality health care. Tenet figured out how to game the system,
and according to the FBI affidavit, it put patients’ lives at risk. Was
this done to generate illusory profits to prop up a stock price, and stave
off the defeat of Mr. Barbakow and the other directors who were up for re-
election in 2000?

Isn’t Tenet another Tyco? Tyco’s actions didn’t result in apparently
unnecessary death, pain and suffering. Tyco, like Tenet, is a company with
some level of fundamental value, but a company so embroiled in unethical,
and perhaps illegal, activity that a complete change of management is
needed now.

Predictably Tyco’s Board was slow to act and now they are all gone. We
urge you to review Exhibit H. It details the revelations, denials, and
results of Tyco’s very public problems. Tenet is either tightroping down
the sideline that separates legality from illegality, or careening out of
bounds like Tyco. Just because something may not be illegal, e.g. raising
prices nearly 100% during a 3 year period when the general rate of
inflation was not more than 3.5% annually, it is, nevertheless, improper,
unethical, unjustifiable and unacceptable conduct for a hospital company
which purports to be socially responsible.

Who at Tenet is imbued with the MORAL COMPASS needed to ensure that
quality health care is its primary duty, not financial gain based on
improper and even possibly fraudulent activities? How long will you allow
this misdirected focus to continue?

How long before Eliot Spitzer, California Attorney General Bill Lockyer,
or California Corporations Commissioner Demetrios Boutris take an interest
in Tenet? The Los Angeles Times has reported that the “California Health
Committee will open hearings in January to investigate whether Tenet and
other hospital chains charged health maintenance organizations too much
for services and drugs.”(9) Can Congress be far behind? When Congress
reconvenes in January, what better subject for the nightly news than to
grill the CEO of a “for profit” healthcare company before the cameras
about how he put profit ahead of the health of patients? Some of the
patients are among the approximately 40 million Americans who are
uninsured. The spokesman for some of these patients has said “… Tenet
treats human beings like Excel spread sheets …” by overcharging
uninsured patients and then aggressively seeking payment.(10)
The recurring problems at Tenet have been engendered by a corporate
culture that prioritizes illusory profits over patient care and a Board
which has, heretofore, abdicated its responsibility and condoned this
misordering of priorities. The non-management members of the Board must,
now, make management accountable.

The CEO and CFO gave written certifications that there are no untrue
statements of material fact or omissions of material facts necessary to
make the statements not misleading. They certified that the financial
statements and other financial information reported present fairly, in all
material respects, the financial condition of the company. Further, the
officers: were responsible for establishing and maintaining internal
controls, designed to ensure that material information is made known to
officers and that they have evaluated such controls; were obligated to
disclose to the auditors and audit committee all significant deficiencies
in internal controls, and; were required to disclose any fraud involving
management employees who have significant roles in internal control. The
officers were also required to certify that there were no significant
changes in internal controls subsequent to their evaluation date. Were
the officer certifications made on October 11, 2002 on form 10-Q false?
If so, you must hold management accountable.

The CEO and the former CFO appear to have made material
misrepresentations. Recent revelations about the outlier payments also
raise serious questions about Tenet’s compliance with federal securities
laws. The Company’s annual report on form 10-K stated, in each of the
last three years, that outlier payments in the following year will be
lower than the base year.(11) In view of the increased outlier payments
these statements were obviously untrue. It is also obviously material,
given the decline in the stock price when the correct information was made
public. Tenet also failed to disclose the importance of the outlier
payments to Tenet’s financial results. The intentional omission of key
information about outlier payments, and the material impact they make on
the company’s earnings (2002 outlier payments represented 5.4% of sales,
28.3% of EBITDA and 43.3% of pretax income) may subject the Company, its
officers and directors to corporate and perhaps even personal liability.
Grounds may exist for shareholders to demand the return of some or all of
Mr. Barbakow’s bonus payments and gains from stock option exercise, and
they may similarly make demands on other corporate officers and all
directors who have sold stock in the last three years. Recall that it was
the Board that approved the payment of $9.4 million in bonuses over the
past three years “for his contribution to the company’s exceptional
financial performance.”

Will you continue to rely upon the legal advice of Ms. Sulzbach? She has
the titles of General Counsel, Chief Compliance Officer and recently she
was promoted to Chief Corporate Officer. Do you not see the inherent
conflicts of interests? Shouldn’t the non-management Board members,
individually and collectively, consult with both their respective personal
counsel and independent counsel, free of any ties to management or Tenet,
hired to advise the non-management Board members as a body?

The average Tenet hospital (including the large university ones) does no
more than $130 million in net revenue. Yet the Redding hospital, in a
small community town, produced pre-tax income of $94 million.(12) Did
anyone ask Dr. Loop how Redding’s earnings compared to those of the
Cleveland Clinic, which probably earned little or nothing last year from
operations on revenues in the range of $2.8 billion? As noted by Mr.
Barbakow during the December 3rd investor conference many hospitals
operate on a 2% margin. Only the best performing hospitals operate at
even a 10% margin. How is it legally or ethically possible for Redding to
produce this level of earnings?

How is it possible that your internal auditors missed the fact that these
physicians were such huge admitters? Did Ms. Sulzbach, or anyone in
management, or on the Board ever question how it was possible to legally
and ethically do so much profitable business at Redding? Did anyone,
ever, question the medical necessity of this volume of procedures(13),
particularly after the hospital was contacted by patients asking questions
about these two physicians? How is it that medical experts from
California to New Hampshire believed, for a number of years, that Redding
had been “wild” for a long time and was being led by doctors described in
the medical vernacular as “cowboys” (doctors who aggressively offer
invasive procedures) and the Board didn’t see a problem?(14) How much did
the CEO at Redding receive in compensation?

During Ms. Sulzbach’s tenure as Chief Compliance Officer, the Company has
repeatedly paid the government for violations of Medicare billing, and is
now embroiled in allegations of over-utilization of surgery and other
cardiac services and allegations that Tenet nearly doubled its list prices
in three years in order to increase Medicare reimbursements. Does this
sound like someone who has done an effective job? Do you think she has
adequately protected patients from abuse, or shareholders from unnecessary
losses in shareholder value? Has management protected you from liability
by prompt and full disclosure of material facts, or exposed you to
liability by telling you only what they wanted you to know confident in
your indifference, and your silence?

Lack of credibility is a huge problem for you and your management team.
Why did you elect not to make good on the promises you made in 2000 to
Institutional Shareholder Services (ISS) and CalPers regarding board

1) Increase the board by adding no less than two new independent
directors (two have left and two have been added for a net
change of zero);

2) Approve a change in the company’s charter to require
shareholder approval before approving a poison pill (not done);

3) Have the directors study the staggered board election and
provide a complete report to shareholders regarding their
decision (not done) and;

4) Create a governance committee to examine all of these issues
(not done).

Is the company going to appear before the CalPers investment committee on
December 16 to answer their questions?
We call upon the Tenet Board to do the following now:

1) Remove the senior management team that created a culture of over utilization, financial engineering and what we call Wall Street Medicine. Dr. Tommy Frist had the backbone to take the company back from the financial engineers. And as a result, HCA has been rebuilt into an ethical and financially strong company which rewards its patients with quality care and its shareholders with profits. It is time the management team including Mr. Barbakow, Ms. Sulzbach, Mr. Schochet and Mr. Fetter to leave. It is time to have hospital executives rather than MGM executives, investment bankers and financial engineers running Tenet’s hospitals. Name an interim and uncompromised healthcare executive with current hospital operating experience operating as CEO, and follow-up with a national search to bring someone with unimpeachable experience and integrity into the Company.

2) Appoint a qualified, independent special committee of the non- management Board members led by Dr. Floyd Loop and advised by counsel without any ties to management, or Tenet, to investigate past practices and review quality of care and utilization. While Mercer Consulting may be a fine group, we see nothing in their background to suggest that they can adequately determine if surgeries were necessary at Redding. Bring together independent cardiac and surgical experts from the Cleveland Clinic, the Mayo Clinic, Massachusetts General and Johns Hopkins to consult with the special committee and develop a plan to remedy the systemic problems at Tenet hospitals.

3) Independently investigate the inflated chargemaster and the resulting
extraordinary Medicare outlier payments.

4) Challenge management’s focus on illusory, short term profits at the
expense of quality health care. Saving lives, not saving management,
should be the Board’s objective.

5) Separate the duties of General Counsel, Chief Compliance Officer and
Chief Corporate Officer and appoint a physician to be Chief
Compliance Officer.

6) Add at least five new, truly independent directors to the Board. At
10 members, the Board is grossly understaffed to adequately review
and direct the operations of a $15 billion corporation.

7) Adopt a corporate policy of transparency and openness. Tell the truth
and let the market properly price the company’s securities.
At the recent Tenet presentations of December 3rd and 4th, all management
talked about was money, money, money, share repurchase plans and other
financial issues. The only proper way to save this company is to shift the
focus from money to quality of patient care.

It is time for the Board of Tenet Healthcare Corporation to stand up and
take back the company from a management team that has neglected its
duties, mislead its shareholders and omitted material information in its
statements to the public and to you, its Board. The culture of imperial
power that permeates the organization … epitomized by its resort town
headquarters, astounding bonus compensation, and $111 million in ill-
gotten profits from stock options must and will come to an end. We are
absolutely dedicated to making sure that the culture that allowed the over
utilization at Redding, that allowed the infections to continue at Palm
Beach Gardens, is changed. It must and will be done. How it is done is in
your hands. A new Tenet Corporation will be born out of these problems.
We hope that this Board will have courage to be at the forefront of the

As promised, we will continue to watch. We expect that on or before
Thursday, December 12, 2002 at 12:00 noon EST there will be a public
announcement by the non-management members of the Board announcing the
formation of a special committee and the implementation of the action
items set forth above. Time is of the essence because lives, apparently,
are at risk.

M. Lee Pearce, MD
Tenet Shareholder Committee, L.L.C.

(1) FBI affidavit, page 14 (Exhibit A).
(2) Letter from Dr. Pearce on July 14, 2000 (Exhibit B)
(3) Wall Street Journal, November 20, 2002
(4) $29 million to settle Medicare false claims allegations related to
Palmetto General Hospital; $17 million to settle allegations of
overcharging multiple federal health care programs by 139 current or
former Tenet Hospitals, and; $9.75 million to settle allegations of
overcharging Medicare by Brotman Memorial Center. Department of
Justice Press Releases, June 18 and July 17, 2002
(5) Press release by CMS dated December 3, 2002 (Exhibit D)
(6) Research report dated October 30, 2002 by UBS Warburg (Exhibit E)
(7) November 1, 2002
(8) November 7, 2002
(9) Los Angeles Times December 5, 2002
(10) Kansas City Star September 13, 2002
(11) Form 10-K for fiscal year ended May 31, 2002, “CMS has proposed
substantially raising the cost threshold used to determine the cases
for which a hospital will receive Outlier Payments. The proposed
change in the cost threshold will substantially reduce total Outlier
Payments by reducing (a) the number of cases that qualify for Outlier
Payments and (b) the amount of Outlier Payments for cases that
continue to qualify.” Form 10-K for fiscal year ended May 31, 2001,
“CMS has proposed substantially raising the cost Tenet Healthcare,
outlier payments increased in fiscal 2002 from $564 million in fiscal
2001 to $763 million.”
(12) Los Angeles Times November 2, 2002
(13) San Francisco Chronicle November 2, 2002, and November 7, 2002
(14) San Francisco Chronicle November 2, 2002, and November 7, 2002
(15) Letter dated October 2, 2000 to Rich Furlauto of ISS from Ms. Christi
Sulzbach and Tenet Shareholder Committee Press Release dated October
5, 2000 (Exhibit I)