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Added: March 12, 2010 |
Buy gold viagra without prescription, The Food and Drug Administration is in charge of regulating medical devices just as it does drugs, including the machines used to give shock treatment. But it’s not doing its job, buy cheap gold viagra internet. Gold viagra no prescription, It has allowed these machines to be used on millions of patients over the past generation without requiring any evidence whatsoever that shock treatment is safe or effective. This is so even though shock machines are Class III---high risk---devices, find discount gold viagra online, Cheapest gold viagra, which by law are supposed to be investigated by clinical trials as thoroughly as new drugs and devices just coming onto the market. But because of intense lobbying by the American Psychiatric Association---which claims the devices are safe but opposes an investigation---the FDA has disregarded its own law, order cheap gold viagra. (For the full story of how shock survivors have fought for a scientific safety investigation of ECT for the past 25 years, see the new book Doctors of Deception: What They Don’t Want You to Know About Shock Treatment by Linda Andre.)
In April 2009---30 years after it first ruled the devices high-risk and named brain damage and memory loss as risks of the treatment---the FDA belatedly announced it would call on the manufacturers of the devices to provide evidence of safety and efficacy, buy gold viagra without prescription. Buy gold viagra overnight delivery, The deadline for submissions has passed, but the manufacturers have not conducted any clinical trials, order gold viagra overnight delivery, Order gold viagra, claiming they cannot afford them. They simply point to the opinions of shock doctors (including those who have financial interests in the device companies) as evidence that shock is safe, gold viagra without rx. Lowest price gold viagra, The FDA is now supposed to require the ECT device to undergo the rigorous PreMarket Approval process (PMA) that is required of new devices, including clinical safety trials, order gold viagra online. Gold viagra approved, But the FDA could have called for this investigation any time in the past 30 years and has steadfastly refused to do so. Buy gold viagra without prescription, It has never wavered from its intention (as stated in 1990) to declare the shock machine safe, and downclassify it to the low-risk Class II, without scientific evidence of its safety. As a Class II device, gold viagra free delivery, Gold viagra online sale, the shock machine would never have to go through the PMA process. After all, gold viagra rx, Gold viagra australia, if a PMA showed shock to be unsafe, the FDA would have to take shock machines off the market, gold viagra us, Best price for gold viagra, and it knows that the American Psychiatric Association would never allow that.
In a news item which appeared in FDA News, buy gold viagra lowest price, Cheapest gold viagra prices, a trade journal, on September 22, find cheap gold viagra online, Canadian pharmacy gold viagra, the shock machine manufacturers expressed concern....not for the patients who have been treated and injured by their untested and unsafe device, but for themselves, buy cheap gold viagra online. Gold viagra online without a prescription, They said they would go out of business if they had to pay to conduct clinical trials to prove their devices safe, and for that reason they are lobbying the FDA for reclassification to Class II, buy gold viagra. Not because they have proof that their devices are safe, but because they want to keep making money, buy gold viagra without prescription. Gold viagra price, (No wonder shock device company owner Gorham Nicol has been elected to the ect.org Hall of Shame.)
Recognizing the long history of "significant public interest" in the ECT device, the FDA has opened up a new docket for public comments on the device, order discount gold viagra. No prescription gold viagra, If we don’t write in, they will almost certainly reclassify, cheap gold viagra online. Cheap gold viagra in uk, Comments will be accepted up through January 8, 2010, order cheap gold viagra online. Cheap gold viagra pharmacy, Do you think shock is safe. Buy gold viagra without prescription, Have you evidence you want FDA to consider, including your personal experience. Write a letter to the address below or send in the coupon, buy gold viagra online australia. Buy no rx gold viagra, You can also make electronic comments at by entering “Notices” and then the docket number FDA-2009-N-0392.
This is urgent, order gold viagra in us. Gold viagra overnight delivery, After 30 years FDA will certainly cave in to organized psychiatry if we aren't watching and we don't ALL take action.
To: Food and Drug Administration, canada gold viagra, Cheap gold viagra no rx, Dockets Management Branch (HFA-305), 5630 Fishers Lane, gold viagra malaysia, Gold viagra no rx, Room 1061, Rockville, MD 20852
Re: Docket #FDA-2009-N-0392
The undersigned opposes the reclassification of the ECT device to Class II by the FDA in the absence of adequate scientific evidence of its safety, and asks the agency to call for PreMarket Approval Applications for the device.
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Added: September 22, 2009 |
Buy viagra super force without prescription, If you buy and read only one book on ECT, this should be the one. Andre is not only a survivor of ECT, viagra super force overnight, Viagra super force for sale, but has spent the past 25 years listening to, and documenting the experiences of, viagra super force vendors, Viagra super force pharmacy online, other survivors. With her exhaustive knowledge of what passes for scientific research on the subject, viagra super force cheap drug, Tablet viagra super force, and an insider's knowledge of the politics behind that "science" as well as the pronouncements of supposedly trustworthy authorities like the FDA, no one is more qualified to demolish the claims of the shock industry, discount viagra super force. Find viagra super force on internet, Andre does so with thoroughness, style, real viagra super force without prescription, Generic viagra super force, and even wit. Everything she says is documented, viagra super force cheap, Viagra super force generic, but never before has all this information been gathered in one volume.
The book vividly brings to life the multifarious personalities who have battled over ECT--what it is, what it does, what should be done about it, buy viagra super force without prescription. As she says, purchase viagra super force, Buy cheap viagra super force, no fiction writer could have dreamed up such characters. Her description of the decades-long battle between ECT survivors and organized psychiatry over whether shock should be investigated for safety is particularly riveting, cheap viagra super force on internet. Viagra super force sale, That story is published here for the first time. Andre explores why and how the media is biased towards shock (with painful examples from her own experience); explains why forced shock is more prevalent today than before laws which were supposed to ensure choice; tells you exactly why the ECT research you pay for with your tax dollars can't be trusted; and takes apart every plank of what she calls the industry public relations script to show that every one is a lie, viagra super force medication. Buy viagra super force without prescription, If you ever wondered how the shock industry has gotten away with damaging brains for profit for over seventy years---and how it continues to do so successfully and with supreme arrogance---this book is the answer to that question. Viagra super force purchase, From the publisher:
DOCTORS OF DECEPTION: What They Don’t Want You to Know about Shock Treatment (Cloth $26.95, 978-0-81354441-0, discount viagra super force overnight delivery, Online viagra super force, February 2009) by Linda Andre is the first history of electroconvulsive therapy (ECT), or shock treatment, cheap viagra super force, Buy viagra super force no prescription required, to consider the controversial procedure in a social, legal, buy viagra super force cheap, Viagra super force tablets, financial, medical, buy viagra super force pills, Order no rx viagra super force, and moral context. Through the investigation of court records, buy viagra super force without prescription, Cheapest viagra super force price, medical research, FDA archives, buy viagra super force low price, Drug viagra super force, and other primary sources, Andre shows that claims of safety and efficacy made by doctors who promote and profit from ECT are not supported by science or evidence, discount viagra super force without prescription. Buy discount viagra super force, She reveals how the shock industry and organized psychiatry abused public trust and waged a masterful, multi-decade public relations campaign to improve ECT’s image, discount viagra super force no rx, Viagra super force in australia, deceiving the media, the government, low price viagra super force, Cheapest viagra super force online, and the public about its risks while exploiting negative stereotypes of mental patients to silence survivors.
DOCTORS OF DECEPTION documents the struggles of these former patients and their allies who have worked for over thirty years to inform others about the dangers of ECT, buying viagra super force online, Viagra super force pills, and includes vivid firsthand accounts of its permanent adverse effects on memory and cognition. Meticulously researched, buy viagra super force from india, Buy viagra super force no rx, DOCTORS OF DECEPTION builds a solid case that ECT can never be justified scientifically, medically, or morally.
You can buy the book at the Rutgers University Press website,
You can buy it and write reviews on amazon.com and bn.com, and ask your local bookstore to carry it.
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Added: April 7, 2009 |
Buy viagra oral jelly without prescription, We're a little late inducting Dev, so let's call him the 2007 Honoree, because the 2008 Honoree is right behind him in line, to be announced soon. Order discount viagra oral jelly online, Psychiatrist Davangere Devanand of Columbia University is dis-honored for his two faces: shock doctor and author of “The Memory Program,” a book on how to maintain and improve memory, buy viagra oral jelly from canada. Viagra oral jelly professional, Devanand’s book “The Memory Program” is clean. Clean as a drug dealer who tossed his stash minutes before being cuffed by the police, find viagra oral jelly without prescription. Buy viagra oral jelly from us, Clean as a whistle. You can look everywhere, buy viagra oral jelly without prescription. You can comb every page, viagra oral jelly free sample. Viagra oral jelly online cheap, You can check the index under "e", under "s", cheap viagra oral jelly without prescription, Best price viagra oral jelly, under "a" for amnesia. You won't find a single mention of electroshock, buy viagra oral jelly online without prescription, Sale viagra oral jelly, ECT, electroconvulsive therapy, buying generic viagra oral jelly, Cheap viagra oral jelly in usa, or shock treatment in this book about memory problems---causes and prevention. Nor will you find any mention of Dr, cheap viagra oral jelly from canada. Buy viagra oral jelly without prescription, Devangere Devanand's other day job, the one he held long before he decided he was a "memory expert" and "writer": shock doctor at the country's most infamous shock mill, the New York State Psychiatric Institute. Generic viagra oral jelly cheap, A book on common memory problems that avoids mentioning shock treatment is like, I don't know, purchase viagra oral jelly no rx, Buy viagra oral jelly once daily, a book on weight loss that avoids mentioning calories. That is, buy viagra oral jelly generic, Viagra oral jelly medicine, it's more than an omission. It's a spectacular feat of deception, viagra oral jelly. No rx viagra oral jelly, It's a new low when you thought the gang up at PI couldn't go any lower.
Course, "Dev", who's worked with the Sackeim team for over a decade, has (at least as far as anyone has uncovered so far) passed on the gravy train of shock machine company and magnet machine megabucks, so who can blame him for trying to get a little extra on the side any way he can, buy viagra oral jelly without prescription. Especially with a low-budget book like this, viagra oral jelly cost, Viagra oral jelly for order, easily thrown together, seemingly irresistible to the masses who wouldn't dream of entering a psych ward, buying viagra oral jelly. Viagra oral jelly uk, And it's not easy being Dev. Consider what it takes, viagra oral jelly india. Find viagra oral jelly online, In the morning go in a door marked "Memory Disorders Clinic", where you're the big cheese, cheapest generic viagra oral jelly. Buy viagra oral jelly without prescription, You listen sympathetically to people who are distressed by mild to moderate, generalized and often extremely normal memory problems. Overnight viagra oral jelly, You know, like the middle aged man who's concerned when he can't remember where he put his glasses, buy generic viagra oral jelly online, Find cheap viagra oral jelly, or takes longer than he thinks proper to recall a name. No matter how small the concern, order viagra oral jelly without prescription, Purchase viagra oral jelly online, you listen very seriously. You acknowledge the problem, certified viagra oral jelly. Buy viagra oral jelly on line, You say you will help. You wouldn't dream of saying to one of these clients, "Nothing is wrong with you; what you say is happening, cannot be; it's just your subjective opinion, not reality." You test, buy viagra oral jelly without prescription. You prescribe, purchase viagra oral jelly without prescription. Viagra oral jelly in bangkok, You try to heal.
In the afternoon you're a "researcher" on one of Sackeim's many federally-funded experimental ECT projects, buy cheapest viagra oral jelly online. Order generic viagra oral jelly, You go in a door saying "ECT Clinic, Department of Biological Psychiatry", fda approved viagra oral jelly. Buy viagra oral jelly without prescription, Your work routinely permanently robs patients of years of their memory—two, five, ten, fifteen years. As well, your guinea pigs permanently lose those memory abilities the slight impairment of which so alarms those morning patients of yours, those free to leave the clinic at any time. You know this because your test results (the ones you don't publish or even show to NIMH, your funding source) show it. You know it because your patients say it. But in the afternoon, you pretend these massive memory deficits, the ones like losing an arm compared to your other patients who break a fingernail, don't exist. You tell these patients and their families that they're crazy, they're imagining things, buy viagra oral jelly without prescription. You don't even mention permanent memory losses when you write up your results for the fancy journals, the ones which made you such a big shot.
HELP for these patients. How about a book for us. Even ACKNOWLEDGMENT of their losses. Buy viagra oral jelly without prescription, Heaven forbid. Hey, you're in a bind; ECT's the cash cow of psychiatry, of PI. There simply can't be any bad effects on memory.
A patient who enters door #1 with a fifteen year amnesia and the kind of memory and cognitive disability you see every day in the ECT clinic would be scanned with every kind of fancy machine you've got up there, would be given neuropsychological testing, and offered cognitive rehabilitation for life. A patient with the same symptoms inside Door #2 would be told "Nothing's wrong with you, and if you think there is, you're just crazy.".
But there's a sense in which your billing yourself as a "memory expert" (and getting a contract from a gullible publisher) is just part of the everyday duties of a shock doctor/apologist, buy viagra oral jelly without prescription. (As the guy who was granted first authorship on that infamous article which claimed 1000 shocks don’t cause any memory loss, you've earned your stripes.)
You've got to be able to define and control memory loss: who has it, when it will be acknowledged, when it won't. That is just part of being a shock doctor at the level to which you have aspired, and achieved: i.e. at the apologist level.
It's a tough line, but you're a professional, trained by the best. You have to acknowledge that memory is a human being's highest and most precious treasure----while at the same time defining some people as less-than-human beings whose memories you may pillage for profit. You've got to disallow the stories told by shock patients as "anecdotes"---while publishing your own stories as scientific fact.
We used to just have bank robbery, now we have Enron. We used to just have shock doctors pushing buttons, now we have them writing books about how to improve memory.
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Added: April 23, 2008 |
Buy viagra plus without prescription, “When science has a commercial basis, those who make a living out of one point of view seem much less likely to tolerate dissent than is normal in the rest of science.”
(David Healy, from his 2004 book Let Them Eat Prozac)
Once, just once, it would be nice to see doctors who use ECT make an argument for their product based on facts and science, without lies and omission, without making stereotypical errors of reasoning, and without lowering themselves to the level of libel by disparaging the sanity and veracity of their former patients.
If any shock doctor is capable of doing this, it ought to be David Healy (director of the ECT service at a Welsh clinic). But Healy’s chosen not to do so.
The first clue that that this book is nothing more than the industry party line on ECT comes on the very first page, but you might not pick up on it. Funding for the book, Free viagra plus, the authors admit, came from the Scion Natural Science Association. What they don’t tell you is that Scion is Max Fink’s private family foundation, one he started decades ago to fund research favorable to ECT from his personal money, buy viagra plus without prescription. Fink, age 84---often called the grandfather of shock---has been promoting ECT for half a century. He makes promotional videos for shock machine company Somatics, publishes books and articles denying any adverse effects of ECT, and has helped many younger men and women build careers as shock doctors. No one alive has a greater investment in shock, buy viagra plus on internet. Public records show Fink’s foundation paid the authors $34,000 to write this book. Buy viagra plus without prescription, Fink also co-wrote the book, according to sources like Wikipedia and the State University of New York website.
And then there’s this on page three:
“So clear are the benefits from ECT for patients who might otherwise commit suicide, or otherwise languish for years in the blackness of depression, that there should be little controversy over whether it is safe or effective.”
The 382-page book can be pretty well reduced to the above statement. Whether you accept its very loaded assumptions (ECT has great benefits, Viagra plus sales, ECT prevents suicide, ECT cures depression) and agree with it or not, there is nothing in the remaining 379 pages that will change your mind. Even if you don’t know much about shock therapy before picking up the book, you might well stop right there and ask yourself how the second part of that sentence follows logically from the first: can any treatment be so effective we needn’t ask whether it’s safe, and can disregard evidence that it’s not. If you read the rest of the book, you’ll realize that this is indeed the authors’ position, viagra plus order. That should be on page three is the alarm bell warning you that this book is full of value judgments by supposed authorities substituting for evidence and reasoned arguments, buy viagra plus without prescription. It is history rewritten as the authors, all unabashed proponents of ECT, think it should be.
To an informed reader, that any supposed history of ECT can leave out so much of what is known about it is somewhat puzzling. It makes a kind of sense only when the book is understood as a long love letter to its invisible third author. Cheap viagra plus pill, Here Fink's opinions on the treatment he has zealously spearheaded for his entire career have finally been set down in one place for prosperity. Buy viagra plus without prescription, It was decided to take his name off the book, most likely for public relations purposes; Fink's partisanship of ECT is so extreme and so well-known that many would dismiss a book by him as self-serving propaganda. Shock Therapy is no less that for the thinly veiled attempt to erase his fingerprints, such as not revealing that the Scion Foundation is Fink's own private family foundation.
It's not a surprise that Shorter, the author of a history of psychiatry which dismisses all nonbiological approaches to mental illness, supports Fink's position. But those who know Healy's work are likely to be astonished that he has been willing to put his name to an adulatory book on electroshock. Healy is internationally known for his criticism of the influence of psychopharmaceutical companies on medicine, cheap viagra plus overnight delivery, in particular their skewing of research and their marketing tactics. He has also, through all this, accepted money from more than a dozen such companies, buy viagra plus without prescription.
He’s become widely esteemed in some circles, especially ex-patient circles, as a whistleblower, upholding high standards of scientific evidence and honesty in research. That reputation is the capital he has now invested in this new book, Cheap viagra plus from usa, and it's all been squandered away in a work of audacious, breathtaking dishonesty. That Healy has perhaps engaged in as much self-deception as other-deception in order to write this hardly matters. In either case he has willfully disabled his intelligence and critical thinking skills, his scientific knowledge and scruples, and even reason and logic. Buy viagra plus without prescription, The book takes the position that adverse permanent effects of the treatment don't occur. Ever. "The charge of brain damage is an urban myth, drug viagra plus online purchase," the authors say, and dismiss permanent memory loss at every turn as entirely fanciful, not real. It's a position that is too extreme for even many of ECT’s most rabid proponents, but it is the position maintained by Fink, and so it must be upheld no matter what the cost. Viagra plus online pharmacy, The authors are 10,000% behind shock, and that goes for the types of ECT that even zealous proponents can't quite stomach. Unmodified ECT (without anesthesia), ECT outside of hospitals, outpatient ECT in doctors' offices without anesthesia, regressive ECT of the sort that reduced patients to incontinent and spoon-fed infants, multiple ECT, involuntary ECT, sine wave ECT---the book hasn't an unkind word to say about any of them, buy viagra plus without prescription. The treatment works, the book says smugly, as if that were all that mattered (and with little evidence in support besides the repeated assertions of psychiatrists).
For example, the authors say of regressive ECT, viagra plus discount, “The circumstances of the entire thing were ghastly, yet the treatment seemed to work...beating chemotherapy soundly in terms of the ultimate result of getting off therapy entirely.” The use of involuntary ECT without anesthesia to punish inmates at a large state hospital in Milledgeville, Georgia has become the stuff of legend, and the nickname the staff and patients had for shock, the "Georgia power cocktail," a kind of shorthand for the worst that can be done to mental patients. Viagra plus in malaysia, To my knowledge, before Shock Therapy no contemporary psychiatrist has ever defended the use of the Georgia power cocktail. Yet these authors approvingly quote a Milledgeville psychiatrist who said, "I have seen some remarkable recoveries here." They conclude the two-page section addressing past abuse of ECT by saying that even under the worst circumstances it led to "remarkably effective results in terms of successful discharges."
While any history of ECT is obliged to acknowledge allegations of abuse, this is the first to brush them off: ECT "does not lend itself well to abuse because it is painless: the patient is immediately unconscious." International human rights advocates, who consider ECT without anesthesia torture, would disagree. Buy viagra plus without prescription, Those who know Healy by reputation as a critic of psychiatry, and those in the mental patients' movement who considered him an ally, will simply be astonished, and then feel betrayed, to see his name on such a work.
His name is in fact essential to the book's claim to be a credible history, cheap viagra plus no prescription. Healy is a historian of psychiatry and the author of well respected books like The AntiDepressant Era. However, having Healy's name on this book does not make it a history; not in the sense of his other works, not in any sense at all. True historians don't leave out a huge swath of what they know because it doesn't fit into an agenda determined in advance. In other words, they write history, even if always from their own perspective and with a particular focus, but they do not rewrite it, buy viagra plus without prescription.
A work of scholarship does not make categorical statements like "There is no known occurrence of brain damage associated with ECT" that are not backed up with any references, Cost viagra plus, only the presumed credibility of the authors and the publisher, and which the authors and publisher know are easily proven to be false. Any serious scholar looking into the history of ECT would acknowledge evidence of brain damage from the get-go---for instance, in the earliest studies done by the inventors of the treatment---and on up to the present day.
Permanent amnesia has also been documented since the 1940s. Even one instance of the presumed impossible occurrence---even one former ECT patient interviewed by Healy who lives on Social Security disability due to brain damage caused by ECT and documented by her physicians, even one scientific study---makes such statements untrue. Buy viagra plus without prescription, Rather than engaging and weighing the evidence for permanent brain damage and permanent memory loss, even if only to tell us they find it unconvincing, the authors have chosen to simply omit it. When they can’t get away with that, price of viagra plus, they resort to lies. Healy felt constrained to mention the case of Marilyn Rice, a prominent former ECT patient. Rather than revealing that her brain scan, which she made public, documented permanent structural damage, Buy viagra plus canada, he says only that she “believed” she experienced permanent memory loss. He then goes on to try to discredit her by telling readers she was an “anti-ECT,” “anti-psychiatry” activist. While the authors and publisher well know these statements about Rice to be false, readers will accept them at face value because of the trust they place in the authors and the Press, buy viagra plus without prescription. But if Rice were alive, she could sue the authors and the publisher for libel. Leonard Frank, a former ECT patient very much alive, is libeled as well, order viagra plus no rx. Healy interviewed him, plus much of Frank’s story is public record, so he well knew that Frank never engaged in the illegal act (smoking marijuana) he’s accused of in the book. Healy made this claim up, smug in the knowledge that even living former psychiatric patients don’t have the means to pursue libel lawsuits against doctors. Buy viagra plus without prescription, But it is shameful (and far beneath anyone who calls himself a scholar) that he used his immunity this way.
This kind of intentional deception is very different from framing history. Lowest price for viagra plus, Certainly, the history of any topic can be written from different perspectives; medical, political, social, legal, moral, economic. No one book can include all of these, viagra plus in us. In fact, Rutgers has in the pipeline another history of electroshock; a social history, in large part the story of those who have experienced and survived it. Those voices have never been heard together in print and that book, due out in January 2009, truly will break new ground, buy viagra plus without prescription. It is possible to leave out some aspects of history in order to focus on others, without being dishonest. But this is not what Healy et al have done. Approved viagra plus pharmacy, They don’t leave out the question of ECT’s adverse effects. They take it as one of their central topics, only to pretend that most of the evidence of the past seventy years does not exist. Buy viagra plus without prescription, They then must try to knit together a case for their position that there are no permanent adverse effects out of---in the case of brain damage--- a few very old studies culled from dozens, and----in the case of memory loss and cognitive disability---thin air. (There are no studies supporting unfootnoted claims like "In the vast majority of patients, memory is restored within weeks after the last treatment," nor have there ever been any studies undertaken on Healy's uniquely bizarre claims like the one that anesthesia itself, or maybe even valium, causes the extent of permanent amnesia seen with ECT, buy cheapest viagra plus. Who else would dare to claim that people put under anesthesia for routine surgeries experience years of memory erasure. Where is even one such documented case?)
Simply put, Healy and the other authors know so much about electroshock that it is impossible for them to maintain their position that it is harmless without deceiving their readers. On every page, they seem to be looking over their shoulders to see if anyone will catch them. In several cases, the hubris of these authors is such that they actually cite parts of studies or reports that resoundingly disprove their claims when read in full, but they must have been confident that no one would do so, buy viagra plus without prescription.
Here are some examples. Buy viagra plus in canada, The authors maintain that "Critics claim ECT produces significant and severe memory loss and brain damage, yet in fact such side effects are either completely unfounded or are short-lived and less profound than stated." It's right on page two, but no reference follows the statement.
Yet they are aware that all the available data to date on memory loss was systematically reviewed in a study commissioned by the British government and published in the British Medical Journal in 2003, because they cite to that study elsewhere for some other point, without revealing the main purpose or findings of the study: that at least one-third of ECT patients suffer permanent amnesia and that ECT commonly erases five or more years of their lives.
They cite a 1985 National Institute of Mental Health Report on ECT for its recommendation that questions about shock be included on psychiatry licensing exams. Buy viagra plus without prescription, But what they don't say is that in this same report NIMH found, based on work done by memory expert Larry Squire, that ECT causes an average eight-month period of permanent amnesia. Squire showed that the majority of ECT patients had impaired memories when they were studied three years after treatment---meaning Healy et al have neatly inverted the scientific evidence, cheap viagra plus internet.
In a discussion of a 1977 American Psychiatric Association survey of psychiatrists, they mention some of the results (about how many do shock, and so on) but leave out the one finding that doesn't fit their script: the fact that 41% of the surveyed psychiatrists said that ECT causes brain damage.
The book repeatedly flatly denies any “neurologic sequelae” of ECT. In order to do so, the authors simply ignore decades of evidence for such sequelae, Find viagra plus, from the earliest animal and human autopsy studies (of which dozens show damage) up to the present-day controversy over mossy-fiber sprouting (an abnormal finding seen in epileptics and ECT patients). When the authors try to make their case by citing, rather than omitting, evidence, they have a rough time, buy viagra plus without prescription. They cannot cite one single brain scan study designed to investigate whether ECT causes brain damage by comparing ECT patients to controls who have not been shocked, for there has never been such a study (a fact about the history of ECT that itself speaks volumes).
The authors cite to the famous Irving Janis study of 1951, which used extensive before-and-after testing to document that all patients studied had permanent extensive amnesia after routine ECT (and followed them up long enough to be sure). The Janis study is beyond reproach methodologically and there have been many calls for its replication. But Healy et al do not mention what this study was, or what it found---instead they cite it only to claim it says something it does not, viagra plus cheap price. Buy viagra plus without prescription, Here's the book's case that ECT does not cause brain damage:
---A 1940 Italian dog autopsy study by the inventors of ECT. The authors found grave pathology in the brains of shocked dogs and assumed the pathology was reversible but only in one case did that seem to have happened. They could claim only "the possibility of a relatively good recovery" from brain damage, not that there was no brain damage;
---The speculation that the inventor of a rival therapy started the myth of ECT brain damage in 1942 to promote his own treatment;
--- The statement that in 1950 a major shock proponent believed that there had been a number of studies showing ECT did not cause brain damage;
----A 1942 EEG study which Shock Therapy claims showed that abnormal EEGs eventually return to normal but which actually showed that even after six months a third of ECT patients still had abnormal EEGs;
---A 1942 monkey autopsy study in which the authors found "physiological evidence of dysfunction...as clear and definite as it is in the human patient";
---A 1944 study of four cats;
---A 1991 uncontrolled MRI study in which the lead author was a longtime consultant to the companies that make the devices, which found that patients' brains were more abnormal post-ECT (dismissed as "cerebrovascular disease" with the caveat that this was only speculation);
---And finally, a quote from a psychiatrist who said in 1945 that "there cannot be any serious impairment to the brain."
There. Now are you convinced that brain damage is only an “urban myth?"
The book mentions, Viagra plus online review, in passing, two other contemporary ECT patients besides Rice who have publicly revealed the results of their own neurological testing documenting permanent brain damage (without, in fact, mentioning this fact about them). Healy in particular well knows that ECT disability has ruined the lives of former patients, because he admits interviewing people who've painted him pictures in great detail of what ECT memory disability is like and how it differs in extent and kind from any normal memory fallibility. They are credited in the acknowledgments, buy viagra plus without prescription.
Healy is certainly the only one of the three authors who would have deigned to sit down with ECT survivors; Fink, judging by colorful comments he’s made over the years, viagra plus information, would as soon carry out an interview with monkeys. It is the pretense of listening, only to dismiss and discard everything he heard and even to print the opposite of what he heard or to libel those who trusted him, that makes Healy morally culpable in a way the other two, despite all their lies, are not. Viagra plus online stores, It was left to Healy to carry out the thankless task of crafting the section of the book that is intended to support its denial of decades of evidence of permanent memory loss. By his own account he seems to have agonized over it for years. Buy viagra plus without prescription, To say that it is poorly written is beside the point; it is the thinking behind it that is so bad. Healy had to twist common sense and logic into pretzels, and the section titled "But Why Memory?" is a sad spectacle. Knowing that Healy has in the recent past been capable of critical thinking and scientific reasoning in the case of psychiatric drugs, reading this section is like watching a train wreck. Instead of citing, proposing, compare viagra plus prices online, or even conducting a single scientific study on the topic of whether ECT causes permanent memory loss---the way he has famously approached the question of whether psychiatric drugs can cause suicides---Healy engages in bizarre and nonsensical rationalizations of what he has already decided to believe: shock cannot cause memory loss. Rather, he says, amnesia after ECT is a kind of mass delusion, and comes about for the following reasons:
---Our culture places too much value on memory.
Healy has made the strange, and easily disproven, claim that ECT amnesia has only become an important issue within the last forty years, and that there was no concern about it for the first thirty, buy viagra plus without prescription. What he says, Viagra plus non prescription, or tries to say, about why humanity has placed value on intact memory only since the 1960s is too sketchy and incomprehensible to reproduce here. Suffice it to say that no editor ought to have allowed it into print.
---Benzodiazepines such as valium cause sudden permanent extensive amnesia of the type which is seen after, and mistakenly attributed to, ECT. (Not one study is cited to prove this point, probably because no one before Healy has ever postulated such a theory, cheap viagra plus in canada, let alone designed a study to investigate it.)
---General anesthesia in and of itself routinely causes permanent extensive amnesia which is mistakenly attributed to ECT. Buy viagra plus without prescription, (No citation, for the same reason.)
---People who undergo coronary artery bypass surgery experience cognitive impairment. (This is supposed to prove that ECT patients don’t, apparently...at least that seems to be the only reason it’s included in this book.)
---ECT patients are "psychoneurotics" who "cling to claims of abolished memories."
---ECT patients are responding to clinicians' suggestions that they have memory loss.
---Even psychiatrists forget things that happened 20 to 40 years ago.
---A man in Germany once forgot about an affair he had with a woman.
---"Psychologists may have used memory loss as a wedge in battering down the citadel of medical authority."
If these authors were being honest with their readers, Viagra plus prices, they might say that all the chicanery they have engaged in is necessary and justified because electroshock is a procedure worth defending at any cost. They might even say the ends justify the means, as do the many psychiatrists who force shock upon unwilling patients for their own good, buy viagra plus without prescription. The authors repeat over and over that electroshock “works.” (What’s meant by that, for whom, for what, for how long…all questions they don’t ask.) This is assumed to overrule everything: risks of permanent damage, patients’ rights to be informed and to refuse. But that electroshock works, like their other claims, viagra plus buy drug, is asserted, not proven. Max Fink is quoted as saying that ECT is the most effective treatment of the 20th century. Data is scarce, mostly consisting of three studies from the 1940s. Buy viagra plus without prescription, Their main argument is a 1988 Danish study comparing ECT to the now rarely-used tricyclics, which they claim shows that shock reduces Hamilton scores by ten more points than the drugs. Even one of the adulatory reviews of the book---written, Buy viagra plus internet, it turns out, by a psychiatrist who’s a colleague of Fink’s and was interviewed for the book---muses that there have been only two randomized controlled trials that even looked at the question of whether ECT is effective compared to drugs. No wonder the authors have to keep repeating over and over “It works.” They haven’t got any evidence.
Two large, 21st century studies comparing contemporary ECT to the type of drugs used today for depression and mania found the procedure to have only about a 30-50% efficacy rate in the short term. In the long term, at six months, patients who’d had ECT did only marginally better than those who hadn’t, cheap viagra plus tablets. Though the author of these studies was interviewed extensively for this book, the studies aren’t mentioned, buy viagra plus without prescription.
And although the claim that ECT is “lifesaving” made it onto the dust jacket copy and is a central selling point for both the procedure and the book, once again the reader is being sold a public relations line, not science. The authors appear to have culled through all the evidence that ECT either has no effect on, or is associated with higher rates of, suicide and mortality to select out two studies from the 1940s (again, Order viagra plus from canada, why the 1940s?) as their best and only evidence that the procedure has ever saved lives. One was a comparison of ECT and metrazol (the original convulsive shock treatment induced by chemicals) and the other a study of outcome in manic-depressives which only incidentally considered suicide.
In an era of information proliferation, how can the authors get away with this. Buy viagra plus without prescription, After all, you can't get to page three of this book without coming upon a categorical assertion with no reference. It's not so much that no one will know; it's that the ECT industry, which has always thrived on deceiving patients, stands solidly behind the book and, holding prominent posts in medicine and academia, cheapest generic viagra plus online, they can and will make sure no criticism gets through. The glowing blurbs on the back cover are from prominent shock doctors. The book has gotten loving reviews in the media and the medical journals. Meanwhile, professionals from outside the industry and, most importantly, Compare viagra plus prices, the survivors of ECT who have been left out of this history, are not able to be heard. In fact, a critical review on amazon.com which infuriated Healy was taken down, presumably by him, soon after it appeared, buy viagra plus without prescription. This, more than anything else, explains why an author and publisher can knowingly and without fear of negative repercussion, one might even say arrogantly, put out a book filled with errors and lies of omission. That is true, cheap viagra plus from uk, at least, when the subject is electroshock, where there is such an imbalance of power between those who champion it and those who have been subjected to it or otherwise know better..
ECT practitioners will be able to cite this book in support of what they already believe, without any need to read it. Who might be interested in actually reading the book. Buy viagra plus without prescription, Well, if you like biographical minutiae about the men who championed convulsive treatment---gossip about the mental health of Manfred Sakel or the financial motivations of Lothar Kalinowsky, for instance---you’ll find it here and nowhere else. Viagra plus in uk, As well, you’ll find a story of the invention of shock treatment that is different from the universally accepted version. It may or may not be true; there’s no way to check it out because it’s based on private papers the authors claim to have seen. Whether it reveals anything about the invention of shock or simply about the authors of this book, it’s more revealing than Fink, Shorter, and Healy probably realize.
According to them, viagra plus no rx required, the first shock treatment was not the success it has been said to be in all previous histories. In fact, it wasn’t until the third shock treatment that the inventors got an outcome they wanted to reveal publicly, buy viagra plus without prescription. The first was a failure. The second is said to have been given to a different patient, a woman, and nothing more is said, not even whether she lived or died. After the third treatment was judged a success, its inventor, Ugo Cerletti, conflated the first three attempts into one, and that false account has survived until now.
“The creators of electroshock had been so eager to give the public a perfect story,” the authors conclude, “that they concealed a few weaknesses in their claims present in the record.” The same can be said for these authors. Yet today the record is so extensive that Shock Therapy not only fails as history, but will fail to deceive anyone but the procedure’s most devoted enthusiasts.
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Added: April 23, 2008 |
CVMC seeks OK for shock therapy
Buy female cialis without prescription, November 5, 2007
By Mel Huff Times Argus Staff
BERLIN – Central Vermont Medical Center is seeking state approval to provide electroconvulsive therapy to a small number of psychiatric patients so they can receive treatment closer to home.
"On the average, buy discount female cialis, Get female cialis, CVMC has been treating six to 12 patients a year who are subsequently sent to Dartmouth or Fletcher Allen for electroconvulsive therapy, so the ability to have this in the community is important, female cialis in malaysia, Purchase female cialis no rx, " said Dr. Peter Thomashow, female cialis from india, Cheapest generic female cialis online, CVMC's medical director of inpatient psychiatry.
Once referred to as electroshock, find cheap female cialis, Order female cialis, the treatment now called ECT has changed substantially and been refined since it was first introduced in the early 1940s.
"Generally, certified female cialis, Buy no rx female cialis, this is a treatment reserved for patients with severe depression, depression with psychotic features and sometimes for very agitated depressions, cheap female cialis pharmacy. It is rarely used first-line," Thomashow said, explaining that in most cases psychiatrists turn to it only after drug therapy has proven unsuccessful or in situations where the depression is life-threatening, buy female cialis without prescription. Buy female cialis generic, No patients from Vermont State Hospital or the Vermont Department of Corrections will be treated if approval is granted for CVMC, Thomashow said, order female cialis on internet. Order female cialis in canada, Thomashow cited "lethal catatonia" as an example of a life-threatening condition where electroconvulsive therapy might be used as a first-line treatment. "Someone in severe catatonia can be so impaired that they don't eat or drink, female cialis online, Female cialis internet, they don't move," he said, buy discount female cialis online. Generic female cialis cheap, "ECT is the most effective treatment for this kind of catatonia."
All patients who come to the unit for care will get a comprehensive screening, including "a full battery of blood tests to rule out any possible medical causes for their depression, sale female cialis. Buy female cialis without prescription, Sometimes, patients will get a CT scan or an MRI of the brain to rule out any medical condition such as a brain tumor that could cause their depression," he said. Find discount female cialis, For many, the public image of ECT comes from the movie of Ken Kesey's "One Flew Over the Cuckoo's Nest, female cialis pharmacy, Female cialis online without a prescription, " in which actor Jack Nicholson undergoes the process. But both the equipment and the sophistication of its use have changed considerably, female cialis cheap price. Purchase female cialis, Thomashow and the other two psychiatrists at CVMC, Dr, female cialis for sale. Female cialis approved, Kenneth Adler and Dr. Paul Cameron, had a weeklong fellowship at Columbia University School of Medicine, where much of the research in ultra-brief unilateral electroconvulsive therapy – the kind that CVMC plans to use – has been done, buy female cialis without prescription. The nursing staff has also gone through training, canada female cialis. Female cialis order, "The ultra-brief unilateral ETC is a fairly recent development," Thomashow said, no prescription female cialis, Cheap generic female cialis, explaining that the machine CVMC purchased is able to deliver stimulus to just one side of the brain, which "has far less side effects and is much better tolerated than bilateral (both sides of the brain) ETC."
Jim Tautfest, female cialis free delivery, Real female cialis without prescription, the nurse director of inpatient psychiatry, noted that the new machines can be adjusted to a variety of pulse-widths, buy female cialis in us, Buy female cialis canada, frequencies and durations of stimulus. This flexibility enables the psychiatrist to provide effective treatment with fewer side effects, buy female cialis low price. Cheap female cialis in canada, The most common side effect is short-term, and in some cases also long-term, discount female cialis no rx, Cheap female cialis overnight delivery, memory loss. Buy female cialis without prescription, The degree of memory loss is the subject of substantial debate.
The decision to use electroconvulsive therapy will be made by a treatment team, discount female cialis, Order female cialis cheap online, Thomashow said, and will include extensive records reviews, consultation with the primary care physician and interviews with the patient and his family, along with a full medical work-up.
With a patient who presents special concerns, Thomashow said, tests will be done to determine if electroconvulsive therapy will work or pose problems. Elderly patients will get cardiograms, and patients over 50 will get chest X-rays. A patient who has had a recent heart attack would not receive electroconvulsive therapy, Thomashow noted.
He added that "there's a very detailed informed consent process that is supervised by the state of Vermont, buy female cialis without prescription. There's quite a lot of oversight and regulation." Patients and families will be shown an informational videotape produced by Dartmouth Hitchcock Medical Center and will discuss the risks and benefits of electroconvulsive therapy before consenting to the treatment.
"There's no question that it's a very effective treatment in the right individual," Thomashow said, offering benefits to some "individuals who have suffered for prolonged periods of time, whose lives have changed and who have not been able to function."
CVMC's application is the first the Department of Mental Health will act on since the Legislature charged it in 2000 with oversight. Fletcher Allen Health Care, White River Junction VA Medical Center and Retreat Healthcare in Brattleboro are already providing ECT.
Dr. Buy female cialis without prescription, Bill McMains, the medical director of the Department of Mental Health, said officials will conduct a review to make sure that the hospital's standards for ECT comply with national standards, as well as meet extra state requirements to ensure "the safety of the person and making sure that people are adequately educated about what they're doing."
Vermont has "a very in-depth consent form" that hospitals must agree to use in order to get certified, he added. The form was developed through two years of negotiations with treatment experts and hospitals that were delivering electroconvulsive therapy at the time. McMains noted that Rep. Anne Donahue, R-Northfield, who follows mental health issues closes, was "very much a party" to developing the document.
The form, which all Vermont hospitals must use, requires that hospitals obtain the patient's consent after every 12 treatments. "So a person doesn't give 'forever' consent," McMains observed. "It's only good for 12 treatments, and then you have to go over it and get consent for any more.".
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Added: December 14, 2007 |
Buy zoloft without prescription, Today Israel remembers the Holocaust and honors those who died and survived.
I suggest each person who visits ect.org today take a few moments to learn more about the Holocaust and why the need exists for reminders that it happened.
Many of you visiting, buy zoloft online cheap, had you lived under the Nazis, Zoloft in malaysia, would have likely been exterminated too. You (and I) would have been part of the mentally defectives, the less desirables, order cheap zoloft. Most people don't know that along with six million Jews, Purchase zoloft, a number of Gypsies, homosexuals and other groups considered to be "less than," mental defectives - persons with mental illness, free zoloft, epilepsy and mental retardation - were systematically exterminated to cleanse the race.
Nearly a quarter million mental defectives died at the hands of the Nazi eugencis program, buy zoloft without prescription. Discount zoloft without prescription, The effect of the principles at work here that children call each other names and say "you're crazy; you'll be sent to the baking oven in Hadamar"...
...Letter from Dr. Hilfrich, buy zoloft from canada, Bishop of Limburg, Zoloft overnight shipping, to the Reich Minister of Justice, August 13, 1941 (Trials of War Criminals Before the Nuernberg Military Tribunals - Washington, zoloft for order, U.S Govt. Order zoloft on internet, Print. Buy zoloft without prescription, Off., 1949-1953, Vol. I, p, discount zoloft overnight delivery. 845-846). Buy zoloft, I remember my birthday when I was living in the Soviet Union shortly before it fell apart and visited Kiev. Because it was my birthday, I was given the honor of placing flowers at the memorial of Babi Yar, canadian pharmacy zoloft, just outside the city. Babi Yar is the site of yet another massacre by the Nazis, where approximately 100,000 Soviet civilians - many of them Jews - were rounded up over a period of two days and executed, buy zoloft without prescription. Buy discount zoloft, The first to die were the 700 patients of a psychiatric hospital.
I urge you to visit a photographic tour from several years ago by a small group of psychiatric survivors. The "Freedom from Fear Tour" explores the history of the extermination of "mental defectives" under the Nazis, zoloft uk.
Freedom From Fear
Other sites worth visiting:
Yom Ha'Shoah blog roundup
Holocaust Museum in Washington, Order zoloft from canada, DC
Deadly Medicine: Creating the Master Race, a new exhibit at the Centers for Disease Control in Atlanta
I leave you with the poem Babi Yar by one of my favorite poets of all time, Yevgeny Yevtushenko, zoloft cheapest price. Buy zoloft without prescription, Babi Yar by Yevgeny Yevtushenko
No monument stands over Babi Yar.
A drop sheer as a crude gravestone. Buy cheap zoloft online, I am afraid.
Today I am as old in years
as all the Jewish people.
Now I seem to be
a Jew, tablet zoloft.
Here I plod through ancient Egypt, buy zoloft without prescription.
Here I perish crucified, Find zoloft, on the cross,
and to this day I bear the scars of nails.
I seem to be
Dreyfus, buying zoloft.
is both informer and judge. Order zoloft, I am behind bars. Buy zoloft without prescription, Beset on every side.
spat on, zoloft from india,
slandered. Zoloft no rx, Squealing, dainty ladies in flounced Brussels lace
stick their parasols into my face.
I seem to be then
a young boy in Byelostok, buy zoloft once daily.
Blood runs, Cheap zoloft from canada, spilling over the floors.
The barroom rabble-rousers
give off a stench of vodka and onion, buy zoloft without prescription.
A boot kicks me aside, helpless, order zoloft no prescription required.
In vain I plead with these pogrom bullies. Zoloft for sale, While they jeer and shout,
"Beat the Yids. Save Russia!"
some grain-marketeer beats up my mother, zoloft online without prescription. Buy zoloft without prescription, 0 my Russian people.
are international to the core. Purchase zoloft no rx, But those with unclean hands
have often made a jingle of your purest name.
I know the goodness of my land.
How vile these anti-Semites-
without a qualm
they pompously called themselves
the Union of the Russian People, order zoloft overnight delivery.
I seem to be
as a branch in April, buy zoloft without prescription.
And I love. Zoloft australia, And have no need of phrases.
is that we gaze into each other.
How little we can see
or smell, zoloft side effects. Buy zoloft without prescription, We are denied the leaves,
we are denied the sky.
Yet we can do so much --
embrace each other in a darkened room. Buy cheapest zoloft on line, They're coming here.
Be not afraid. Those are the booming
sounds of spring:
spring is coming here, zoloft online.
Come then to me, buy zoloft without prescription.
Quick, Compare zoloft prices, give me your lips.
Are they smashing down the door.
No, buy zoloft online australia, it's the ice breaking ... Generic zoloft cheap, The wild grasses rustle over Babi Yar. Buy zoloft without prescription, The trees look ominous,
Here all things scream silently,
and, order discount zoloft, baring my head, Cheap zoloft in usa, slowly I feel myself
And I myself
am one massive, soundless scream
above the thousand thousand buried here.
each old man
here shot dead.
here shot dead.
Nothing in me
shall ever forget.
The "Internationale," let it
when the last anti-Semite on earth
is buried forever.
In my blood there is no Jewish blood.
In their callous rage, all anti-Semites
must hate me now as a Jew.
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Added: April 16, 2007 |
Buy plavix without prescription, Linda Andre's new book scheduled for 2008 publication
If you visit ect.org next year, expect that I'll be promoting Linda Andre's new book. Plavix cheapest price, And you'd better plan on buying.
Her book was purchased this week by a major publisher, plavix for order. Buy plavix from india, This book will shed light on an industry that has fed on a plague of self deception, of defensiveness, cheap plavix, Plavix overnight delivery, and of outright lies. Might as well put the shock industry on official notice: the chipping away at your ivory wall continues, real plavix without prescription. This time, Ms, buy plavix without prescription. Plavix overnight, Linda Andre will be wielding a jackhammer.
I confess I've had a peek, plavix professional, Buy plavix no rx, and the writing is stunning. That's not a surprise to me and won't be to anyone who knows Linda's skills, plavix for sale. Plavix rx, It may be a surprise to the "gang" (Sackeim, Ricky and friends), cheapest plavix online, Plavix online without prescription, who won't be able to conceive that she's far more articulate than they are.
This book will illuminate the practices of an industry the way that my favorite book "And The Band Played On" by Randy Shilts did regarding the AIDs epidemic and the Reagan Administration's failure to react, plavix online sale. Compare plavix prices, In a year's time, Shilt's book will have to accept its role as "second-favorite" book, plavix prices. Discount plavix overnight delivery, Please check back in a year, or head to your favorite bookstore to purchase Linda Andre's upcoming book, cheap plavix in usa. Buy cheapest plavix on line, Congratulations, Linda!!!!!!, cheap price plavix. Sale plavix. Plavix no online prescription. Find plavix no prescription required. Plavix india. Plavix order. Cheap plavix internet. Order plavix in us. Discount plavix without prescription. Buy cheap plavix online. Plavix in australia. Find plavix. Lowest price plavix. Plavix approved. Canadian pharmacy plavix. Order discount plavix online. Plavix medication. Approved plavix pharmacy. Compare plavix prices online. Plavix cost. Purchase plavix without prescription.
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Added: March 11, 2007 |
Buy cipro without prescription, Senator and statesman, Thomas Eagleton dies at 77
By Jo Mannies
POST-DISPATCH POLITICAL CORRESPONDENT
Sunday, Mar. 04 2007
Retired U.S. Sen. Cheapest generic cipro, Thomas F. Eagleton -- a towering figure in national and state politics for half a century and the person for whom the federal courthouse downtown is named -- died late Sunday morning, buy cipro without prescription.
He was 77. He had been ill for several months with various health problems. He died at St. Mary's Health Center in Richmond Heights. Buy cipro without prescription, Colorful, blunt and candid, with a booming voice and ready recall of history, Sen. Eagleton exuded the aura of the statesman that adversaries and admirers agreed he had become, find discount cipro online.
At a time of polarizing partisanship, Sen. Eagleton was proud of his friendships across the aisle, notably with former Sen. Cheap generic cipro, John C. Danforth, R-Mo., who served 10 years in the Senate with Sen, buy cipro without prescription. Eagleton.
Nationally, Sen. Eagleton, an early opponent of the U.S, get cipro. role in the Vietnam War, made his mark as chief author of the federal War Powers Act, which limited the authority of the president to wage war without congressional approval. Buy cipro without prescription, He was known also for his brief stint in 1972 as the running mate of Democratic presidential nominee George McGovern. Sen. Low price cipro, Eagleton was forced to step down when his electric shock treatments for depression in the 1960s became public.
Since 1997, McGovern has stated publicly several times that he made a mistake and should have kept Sen. Eagleton on the ticket.
In Missouri, Sen, buy cipro without prescription. Eagleton never lost an election, beginning with his victory in 1956, cipro internet, at age 27, for St. Louis circuit attorney. Within 12 years, Order cipro, he also won statewide contests for attorney general, lieutenant governor and U.S. Senate. Buy cipro without prescription, After serving 18 years and a few days in the Senate, Sen. Eagleton retired in January 1987 and declared that -- while only 57 -- he©ˆd never run for public office again.
He kept that pledge but continued to wield tremendous clout in state and regional politics and civic affairs.
In 1995, cipro cheap price, Sen. Eagleton was the public point man for the bipartisan political and business effort that wooed the Rams football team from the West Coast to St. Louis, buy cipro without prescription.
Even Sen. Eagleton was stunned by the local accolades, Cipro canada, with football enthusiasts collaring him on the street, especially after the Rams won the Super Bowl in 2000.
St. Louis also may never live down the senator's witty description he used to sway the Rams' owners. Buy cipro without prescription, Asked about the region©ˆs nightlife, Sen. Eagleton quipped, "We're like a raucous Des Moines."
Sen, cipro medicine. Eagleton also wrote at least 50 commentaries for the Post-Dispatch, in which he often was critical of whoever was in the White House. He was a staunch opponent of the war in Iraq, in line with his outspoken criticism of the Vietnam War in the 1960s and '70s. Buy cipro low price, In one of his last commentaries, published Nov. 3, 2005, Sen, buy cipro without prescription. Eagleton bluntly laid out what he viewed as the no-win situation facing the United States because of what he viewed as President George W. Bush's "misadventures" in Iraq.
"Hubris is always the sword upon which the mighty have fallen," the former senator wrote, buy cipro on internet. "From here on, any president will have to level with the American people before going to war."
Throughout his career, Sen. Buy cipro without prescription, Eagleton was a strong supporter of labor and took a liberal stance on many social issues. The notable exception was his vigorous, Cipro vendors, lifelong opposition to abortion, and his criticism while in the Senate of court-ordered busing to desegregate schools.
He played a major role in the creation of the National Institute on Aging and in congressional action in the 1970s that allowed home rule and limited self-government for the District of Columbia.
His one failed quest was his desire, mentioned often and only partly in jest, to become the commissioner for Major League Baseball, cipro without rx.
Politics in his blood
Thomas Francis Eagleton was born in St. Louis on Sept, buy cipro without prescription. 4, 1929, to Zitta and Mark D. Order cipro from us, Eagleton. His father later became one of the city's most prominent civil trial lawyers.
A bright kid, Tom Eagleton was an honors student in school. Buy cipro without prescription, He graduated from Country Day School in Ladue and, after a year in the Navy, earned a bachelor's degree from Amherst (Mass.) College in 1950 and a law degree from Harvard in 1953.
In 1956, he married the former Barbara Ann Smith, cipro buy online, daughter of a former paper company executive. The couple had two children: a son, Terence, and a daughter, Cipro non prescription, Christin.
Sen. Eagleton once recalled that he had caught the "political bug" as a child, when his father was elected to the St. Louis School Board in the late 1930s, buy cipro without prescription.
When Sen. Eagleton began his political career in 1956, cipro sale, he was the youngest man in St. Louis history to be elected circuit attorney. That record still stands. Buy cipro without prescription, His Catholic faith became an issue in 1960, when he waged a successful campaign for Missouri attorney general on the same ticket as a fellow Catholic who was the Democratic nominee for president, John F. Kennedy. Find cheap cipro online, Crosses were painted on Sen. Eagleton's election posters in the Bootheel.
After one term as attorney general, Sen. Eagleton opted to run for lieutenant governor in 1964, buy cipro without prescription. He won but often quipped later that the state's No. 2 post was really only good for standing at the window and "watching the Missouri River flow by."
In 1968, cipro pharmacy, he challenged incumbent Sen. Edward V. Long, a fellow Democrat, Buy cipro once daily, in a free-spending primary race in which True Davis, a millionaire banker from St. Buy cipro without prescription, Joseph, was also a major contender. Sen. Eagleton won the primary and then went on to defeat U.S. Rep. Thomas B, cheap cipro in uk. Curtis, a Republican from St, buy cipro without prescription. Louis County.
Sen. Eagleton's campaign platform took aim at the conflict overseas that his party's presidents had launched. "The very first priority for any candidate for United States senator must be to help find a peaceful and honorable solution to the Vietnam War, Order discount cipro, " he wrote. Buy cipro without prescription, 1972 -- peak and valley
True Davis later apologized to Sen. Eagleton for being the source of national columnist Jack Anderson's unsubstantiated stories that Sen. Eagleton had been charged with drunken driving. No proof was ever furnished, and Anderson later apologized.
The nastiness of that 1968 primary campaign carried over into the presidential race in 1972, cipro discount. That year, what should have been the peak of Sen, buy cipro without prescription. Eagleton's career, spiraled into its lowest point. Sen. Eagleton became McGovern's choice as his vice presidential running mate after Sen. Buy cipro on line, Edward M. Buy cipro without prescription, Kennedy, D-Mass., publicly declined.
McGovern turned to Sen. Eagleton, both said at the time, because of their common views against the Vietnam War. Both also cited their mutual concern about the nation's troubled urban areas, low price cipro, many of which had been crippled by race riots, and the already looming problem of lack of access to health care.
McGovern did not know that Sen. Eagleton had been voluntarily hospitalized for nervous exhaustion in 1960, 1964 and 1966 and had undergone electric shock treatment on two of those occasions, buy cipro without prescription.
Sen. Cheap cipro in canada, Eagleton said that before McGovern picked him, he had been asked whether he had any "skeletons in the closet." In an interview years later, Sen. Eagleton said that he had replied that he had no such "skeletons" because he had not considered his treatments to be in that category. He turned out to be wrong, as far as the McGovern camp was concerned, cipro medication. Buy cipro without prescription, Six days after the treatments became public, Sen. Eagleton stepped down. (McGovern ended up with Sargent Shriver as a running mate, and suffered a landslide election loss to incumbent Richard Nixon.)
The episode generated considerable sympathy for Sen. Eagleton back home in Missouri. Online pharmacy cipro, He arrived to a tumultuous welcome at Lambert Field and handily won re-election in 1974 in a landslide over Curtis.
In 1980, Sen, buy cipro without prescription. Eagleton also won re-election -- this time over St. Louis County Executive Gene McNary. But his victory was narrow, coming amid a national Republican landslide that carried Republican Ronald Reagan into the White House and swept aside many of Sen. Eagleton©ˆs longtime Democratic colleagues in the Senate, order cipro online. Buy cipro without prescription, That 1980 contest also produced another embarrassingly public personal episode involving the senator's niece, Elizabeth Eagleton Weigand, the daughter of Sen. Eagleton's brother, the late Dr. Mark D. Eagleton Jr. Buy cipro online, Sen. Eagleton held a news conference to disclose that Miss Weigand had tried to force him to pay her $220,000 for her minority interest in a family business, buy cipro without prescription. She threatened to make public false assertions about his personal life if he refused.
Weigand and her attorney, Stephen E. Poludniak, were convicted of the scheme shortly before the election, buy cipro low price.
After winning re-election, Sen. Buy cipro without prescription, Eagleton spent his final term in the Senate focusing on local issues while strengthening his personal and professional ties with Danforth.
Among other things, Sen. Cipro malaysia, Eagleton used his considerable clout to obtain federal money to rebuild Highway 40©ˆs Vandeventer Overpass and to connect Interstate 170 to Interstate 270. Sen. Eagleton also joined with Danforth to kill the long-authorized federal Meramec Lake and Dam project in the early 1980s, after Missouri voters had overwhelmingly rejected the plan in an advisory referendum in 1978. Sen, buy cipro without prescription. Eagleton earlier had supported the dam.
In announcing his plans to retire from office in 1986, cipro no online prescription, Sen. Eagleton acknowledged to reporters that his lifelong love of baseball made him seriously consider applying for the then-open job of commissioner of baseball.
But he did not apply, he explained, Cipro free delivery, because he wouldn't resign his Senate seat while a Republican was governor, which was the case during most of the 1980s. Buy cipro without prescription, Sen. Eagleton said that meant that a Republican would be appointed to replace him, and he couldn©ˆt stomach the thought.
During his final term, Sen, cipro alternative. Eagleton was among the first voices in Congress to criticize President Ronald Reagan's foreign and economic policies, and one of the few in the Senate to oppose Reagan©ˆs tax cuts, arguing that they were too deep.
During a speech in rural Missouri, Find cipro no prescription required, Sen. Eagleton argued that the cuts would wrongly benefit wealthy Missourians like himself while hurting those who needed the government's help, buy cipro without prescription.
"What manner of people are these who cut educational programs and at the same time push through tax credits for people who send their children to Andover, Exeter, Mary Institute, Country Day and John Burroughs?" asked Sen. Eagleton, where to order cipro, himself a Country Day graduate.
"Once again, once again," he roared with his booming baritone, Cipro professional, "largesse to the rich!"
Stumping for Carnahan
During his retirement, Sen. Eagleton practiced law and became a favorite speaker at Democratic rallies. Buy cipro without prescription, But he also joined with Danforth at several speaking events, where the duo made their case for more civility in politics.
Occasionally, Sen. Eagleton would resurrect his razor-sharp partisan skills, drug cipro online purchase. After the plane crash on Oct. 16, 2000, that killed the Missouri Democratic nominee for the U.S. Senate -- then-Gov, buy cipro without prescription. Mel Carnahan -- it was Sen. Eagleton who held a news conference to quell growing Republican claims that it would be illegal for a deceased candidate to remain on the November ballot.
Sen. Eagleton bluntly jabbed at Republican incumbent John Ashcroft by declaring, "A U.S. Buy cipro without prescription, senator who can©ˆt beat a dead man doesn©ˆt belong in the U.S. Senate."
Sen. Eagleton's rhetoric touched off Republican outrage but helped re-energize his party and became the most-quoted comment of the campaign. Carnahan went on to become the first candidate in U.S. history to be elected posthumously to the U.S. Senate, buy cipro without prescription. Last year, even while battling some health problems, Sen. Eagleton campaigned for Amendment 2, the ballot initiative to protect all forms of stem cell research allowed under federal law. Sen. Eagleton was the campaign's honorary co-chairman along with Danforth, his old Republican friend.
Eagleton is survived by this wife Barbara, his two children and three grandchildren.
Services for Eagleton will be on Saturday at Saint Francis Xavier College Church, 3628 Lindell Blvd., St. Louis.
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MindFreedom.org has a blog and has been documenting the ongoing Eli Lilly legal challenges:
MindFreedom Blog Buy malegra fxt (sildenafil + fluoxetine) without prescription, Next blog is from the makers of the film "Side Effects," and includes news about the pharmaceutical industry. I'll soon be viewing and reviewing their new film "Money Talks - Profits Before Patient Safety." The trailer intrigued me and this looks like it could be a dandy, malegra fxt (sildenafil + fluoxetine) rx. Order malegra fxt (sildenafil + fluoxetine) on internet, Mo Productions. Malegra fxt (sildenafil + fluoxetine) vendors. Generic malegra fxt (sildenafil + fluoxetine) cheap. Compare malegra fxt (sildenafil + fluoxetine) prices online. Order malegra fxt (sildenafil + fluoxetine) from canada. Buy malegra fxt (sildenafil + fluoxetine) without prescription. Generic malegra fxt (sildenafil + fluoxetine). Buy malegra fxt (sildenafil + fluoxetine) overnight delivery. Lowest price for malegra fxt (sildenafil + fluoxetine). Malegra fxt (sildenafil + fluoxetine) online cheap. Canadian pharmacy malegra fxt (sildenafil + fluoxetine). Cheap malegra fxt (sildenafil + fluoxetine). Buy malegra fxt (sildenafil + fluoxetine) no prescription required. Buy malegra fxt (sildenafil + fluoxetine) online cheap. Order malegra fxt (sildenafil + fluoxetine) cheap online. Malegra fxt (sildenafil + fluoxetine) tablets. Order malegra fxt (sildenafil + fluoxetine) no prescription. Purchase malegra fxt (sildenafil + fluoxetine) online. Malegra fxt (sildenafil + fluoxetine) price. Buy malegra fxt (sildenafil + fluoxetine) on internet. Purchase malegra fxt (sildenafil + fluoxetine) without prescription. Pharmacy malegra fxt (sildenafil + fluoxetine). Malegra fxt (sildenafil + fluoxetine). Malegra fxt (sildenafil + fluoxetine) overnight shipping. Where to buy malegra fxt (sildenafil + fluoxetine). Malegra fxt (sildenafil + fluoxetine) buy drug. Find discount malegra fxt (sildenafil + fluoxetine). Cheap malegra fxt (sildenafil + fluoxetine) from usa. Purchase malegra fxt (sildenafil + fluoxetine) no rx. Malegra fxt (sildenafil + fluoxetine) purchase. Malegra fxt (sildenafil + fluoxetine) bangkok. Malegra fxt (sildenafil + fluoxetine) online stores. Cheap malegra fxt (sildenafil + fluoxetine) online. Overnight malegra fxt (sildenafil + fluoxetine). Order malegra fxt (sildenafil + fluoxetine) no prescription required. Malegra fxt (sildenafil + fluoxetine) online. Cheap malegra fxt (sildenafil + fluoxetine) pill. Malegra fxt (sildenafil + fluoxetine) from india. Cheap malegra fxt (sildenafil + fluoxetine) tablet.
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It seems that Eli Lilly is using the same tactics, best price lithium, Buy lithium, what are called SLAP lawsuits, in their effort to shut activists up about the dangers of the drug Zyprexa, lithium buy online. Order no rx lithium, But they've actually filed lawsuits against Mindfreedom.org and a number of activists.
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Buy strattera without prescription, Opponents of electric-shock therapy are calling for a ban on its use in the elderly after a new study shows they are at increased risk of permanent brain damage.
The Press (New Zealand)
Feb 7 2007
By KAMALA HAYMAN
The elderly, buy strattera from india, Strattera online sales, women and people with lower IQs are the most vulnerable to brain damage, particularly memory loss, buy no rx strattera, Purchase strattera, according to the first large-scale study on the long-term effects of electroconvulsive therapy (ECT).
About 300 patients a year are given ECT in New Zealand, strattera order. Cheap strattera without prescription, Two-thirds are women and about 60 per cent are over the age of 50.
In a report released last year, get strattera, Strattera no rx required, the Health Ministry said ECT was "a valuable and sometimes life-saving" treatment for depression, mania and catatonia, cost strattera, Cheapest generic strattera online, although its effects were typically short-term.
In the New York study, just published in the Neuropsychopharmacology international journal, researchers followed 347 patients for six months, buy strattera without prescription.
The research team, cheap generic strattera, Strattera uk, led by Harold Sackeim, said the study provided the evidence that "adverse cognitive effects can persist for an extended period and that they characterise routine treatment with ECT", buy cheapest strattera online. Approved strattera pharmacy, The "more severe and persisting" memory problems were found in those given ECT to both sides of the brain, leading the team to conclude there was "little justification" for such treatment, discount strattera overnight delivery. Buy cheapest strattera on line, Some patients were given ECT to only the right side of the brain, to protect the memory centre in the left, strattera online without prescription. Strattera for sale, Auckland clinical psychologist John Read said some New Zealand patients were still being given ECT on both sides of the brain. Buy strattera without prescription, Read, a long-standing campaigner against the use of ECT, has sent a second petition to the parliamentary health select committee calling for a ban on the treatment in older people, pregnant women and those under 18.
Read said the beneficial effects of ECT were short-term and there was no evidence it saved lives by preventing suicide, strattera no prescription. Strattera online review, He said patients given ECT should be told: "It does make some people feel better for a short period of time and it causes permanent brain damage for a significant proportion of people."
A Christchurch 53-year-old, given ECT for severe depression last year, strattera pharmacy online, Cost of strattera, said she had consented to her 12-dose treatment but did not believe it was informed consent as she was not warned of the risk of permanent memory loss. "I have lost my long-term memory and I have lost totally the ability to administer and organise things, cheap strattera from uk, Order strattera without prescription, " she said.
Despite the "dreadful" side-effects, buy generic strattera online, Strattera generic, the woman, who did not want to be named, buy strattera from us, Cheapest strattera price, said ECT was a valuable treatment. Severe depression was not only life-threatening, it was a horrendous experience, buy strattera without prescription. "I was like the walking dead."
She said her depression returned several months after the ECT, order strattera no prescription required, Strattera information, although it had since lifted, possibly due to acupuncture and meditation, order strattera overnight delivery. Real strattera without prescription, Canterbury psychiatric patients are among the most likely in the country to have ECT. In the year to June 2005, free strattera, Buy strattera us, 79 Canterbury patients had a course of ECT, about one-quarter of the 307 treated nationally, buy strattera online australia. Strattera malaysia, Health select committee chairwoman and Green MP Sue Kedgley said ECT was a "barbaric and old-fashioned technique" used in New Zealand with little regulation, monitoring or evaluation, order strattera cheap online. Buy strattera without prescription, The number of patients given ECT varied wildly in different parts of the country, as did the length of each course. Buy strattera internet, Kedgley was concerned that one in five patients had ECT without giving consent, and the rate was above 50% in some districts, lowest price for strattera. Strattera for sale, "If it is going to cause the harm that this research shows, then I certainly question why it should be given to people without their consent," she said.
Canterbury psychiatrist Richard Porter, who oversees ECT use, said one-sided (unilateral) ECT was usually prescribed unless treatment was particularly urgent or there was no response to unilateral ECT.
"The choice is discussed with patients and family and the pros and cons explained before the decision is made," he said. This particularly applied to the elderly, in whom it had been "known for a long time" that memory loss was more likely, he said.
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Buy flagyl without prescription, You wanted parity. Buy discount flagyl online, Swiss may expand assisted suicide to include mental illness
Feb 2 2007
A ruling by Switzerland's highest court released Friday has opened up the possibility that people with serious mental illnesses could be helped by doctors to take their own lives.
Switzerland already allows physician-assisted suicide for terminally ill patients under certain circumstances, cheap flagyl in canada
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"If the death wish is based on an autonomous decision which takes all circumstances into account, buy flagyl online cheap, Flagyl online without prescription, then a mentally ill person can be prescribed sodium-pentobarbital and thereby assisted in suicide," it added, cheap flagyl pill.
Various organizations exist in Switzerland to help people who want to commit suicide, and assisting someone to die is not punishable under Swiss law as long as there is no "selfish motivation" for doing so, buy flagyl without prescription. Order flagyl without prescription, The judges made clear in their ruling that certain conditions would have to be met before a mentally ill person's request for suicide assistance could be considered justified.
"A distinction has to be made between a death wish which is an expression of a curable, purchase flagyl, Flagyl australia, psychiatric disorder and which requires treatment, and (a death wish) which is based on a person of sound judgment's own well-considered and permanent decision, buy no rx flagyl, Discount flagyl overnight delivery, which must be respected," they said, low price flagyl. Compare flagyl prices online, The case was brought by a 53-year old man with serious bipolar affective disorder who asked the tribunal to allow him to acquire a lethal dose of pentobarbital without a doctor's prescription.
The tribunal ruled against his request, buy cheap flagyl online, Flagyl alternative, confirming the need for a thorough medical assessment of the patient's condition.
Whether any Swiss physician would be prepared to prescribe a lethal dose of pentobarbital to a mentally ill person remains unclear, flagyl canada. Buy cheapest flagyl, The country's national ethics commission could not be reached for comment late on Friday.
Switzerland is one of a number of countries in Europe that allow assistance to terminally ill people who wish to die, flagyl online sales. Flagyl pill, Netherlands legalized euthanasia in 2001 and Belgium in 2002, while Britain and France allow terminally ill people to refuse treatment in favor of death.
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Buy tetracycline without prescription, FDA Advisory Panel Sees Marginal Effect of TMS in Depression Treatment
By Todd Zwillich
WebMD Medical News Reviewed By Louise Chang, MD
January 29, 2007
Jan. 29, find tetracycline, Tetracycline drug, 2007 -- An FDA advisory panel on Friday questioned the value of a new brain stimulation device for depressiondepression, potentially damaging its chances for FDA approval, tetracycline without prescription. Buy tetracycline no prescription required, Members of the panel expressed doubts that the machine, called NeuroStar, tetracycline discount, Tetracycline buy, helps depressed patients or provides any advantage over placebo treatment.
The device looks much like a dentist's chair with metal prongs attached to a nearby console, buy tetracycline from india. Cheapest tetracycline online, It works on the same principle as electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) -- commonly called "electric shock treatment" -- a treatment usually reserved for severely depressed patients who do not respond to antidepressant drugs or therapy.
But instead of using electric shocks, NeuroStar stimulates the brain by sending a focused magnetic field into the brain from outside the skull -- a treatment called transcranial magnetic stimulation, or TMS, buy tetracycline without prescription.
In 2005, tetracycline internet, Tetracycline without rx, the FDA approved an implantable nerve stimulation device made by Cyberonics to treat depression.
The implantable device uses vagus nerve stimulation, tetracycline approved, Tetracycline in us, or VNS, to stimulate the vagus nerve (which runs from the neck to the brain and relays messages to the brain) rather than the brain directly, best price tetracycline. Tetracycline for order, VNS is already used to treat epilepsyepilepsy.
Neuronetics, cheap price tetracycline, Cheap tetracycline no rx, the company that manufactures NeuroStar, presented TMS as an advantage to implantable devices because it does not require invasive surgery, buy tetracycline once daily. Buy tetracycline without prescription, The company sought to show that the device is equivalent to ECT but with fewer side effects and is more accessible to patients. Online tetracycline, "Many patients cannot avail themselves of (ECT) ... cannot afford this treatment, cheap tetracycline tablet, Tetracycline non prescription, " says Philip G. Janicak, tetracycline buy drug, Order discount tetracycline online, MD, a researcher who conducted clinical trials of TMS for the company, tetracycline pills. Buy generic tetracycline, Also, "Only 8% of psychiatrists provide electroconvulsive treatment, tetracycline in malaysia, Buy cheap tetracycline internet, " says Janicak, a professor of psychiatry at Rush Presbyterian Medical Center in Chicago, tetracycline rx.
But the advisory panel was generally unimpressed with the company's studies, even though they showed a slight statistical advantage in treating depressiondepression symptoms vs, buy tetracycline without prescription. Tetracycline sale, dummy therapy after six weeks of treatment.
Several panelists expressed dismay that patients showed no improvement on some depression scales and only minor improvement on the ones that did show a difference, order tetracycline online. Tetracycline online pharmacy, "Perhaps a reasonable person could question whether there has been an effect at all," says Thomas G, buying tetracycline online. Cost tetracycline, Brott, a neurologist from Mayo Medical School in Jacksonville, order cheap tetracycline, Order cheap tetracycline online, Fla., and the advisory panel's chairman, fda approved tetracycline. Buy tetracycline without prescription, The panel did not formally recommend to the FDA whether or not the machine should be approved. Drug tetracycline online purchase, But FDA scientists suggested at a public hearing that they were also uneasy with the company's results.
Ann Costello, no rx tetracycline, Tetracycline bangkok, PhD, an FDA medical official, tetracycline online sale, Discount tetracycline without prescription, questioned whether the mixed evidence of effectiveness in Neuronetics' studies contained "any clinical relevant information."
Patients who used TMS appeared to avoid the memory loss often seen in those who undergo ECT.
But Diana Zuckerman, PhD, president of the National Research Center for Women and Families, told the panel the company's studies did not show the device could help patients.
"It's not a statistically significant difference, and it's not a meaningful difference," says Zuckerman, a clinical psychologist and epidemiologist. "Yes, it is safer than ECT, but it doesn't appear to actually work."
Steve Newman, executive director of the National Alliance for the Mentally Ill's Washington, D.C., chapter, was one of a few patients from Neuronetics' studies who told experts his deep depression eased after being treated with the machine.
"It was like a light switched on," he says.
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